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army strong essay Just another weblog. Rhetorical Analysis Draft. “There’s strong, and then there’s Army Strong,” is a well-known quote in today’s society. Cheap How The Internet Our Brain. Many of us would recognize it as the slogan for the U.S. Army videos. These videos are formed to encourage citizens to join the army, and therefore become Army Strong.
Additionally, these videos also encourage Americans to still have faith in and support the Army if they choose not to buy essay arizona against student, join. The advertisement focused on in this analysis is the Army Strong Promo. Write Affects. This commercial utilizes music, visuals appeals to pathos and other rhetorical claims to inspire American patriotism. Before anything appears on the screen you hear the sounds of trumpets. This begins the commercials use of auditory rhetoric.
The trumpets, which are most commonly associated with wake up calls in the army, act as a way of starting off the commercial firmly. The trumpets immediately grab the viewers’ attention and On ... make them pay attention to the commercial. According to Cicero, you can accomplish nothing persuasively without your audience being attentive (Heinrichs 57). Trumpets are not something we typically hear every day in our own houses, so by beginning a commercial with them it is unexpected by the audience which grabs their attention. Next, according to Cicero, they have to like and trust you for an argument to continue any farther. As the trumpet plays there are flashing images of a badge and helicopters, which can be pretty universal. However, as soon as the our brain narrator begins to speak, and the trumpets fade to College Essay, the background, the image is clearly of an U.S.
Army solider. By placing this image on the screen as the narrator begins speaking, it gives the narrator a little bit of ethos. This association insinuates that the cheap write my essay affects narrator himself is involved with the Army and knows what he is talking about. Therefore, trust is established with the audience because we now believe what he is going to tell us due to the fact we know he is directly involved with the U. S. Army. Starting with the most memorable line of the commercial, “There’s strong and then there’s Army Strong,” the narrator goes on to use a series of correlative conjunctions to relate strength versus army strength. For example, “It is not just the strength to obey, but the strength to command. Not just the strength in numbers, but the strength in brothers.” The narrator continues repeating similarly structured lines as if to write my thesis statement for me, prove that you can be strong, but you can’t be the best form of strong until you are army strong. This is write my essay internet, a variation of the tool “The Belittlement Charge” acknowledged by Jay Heinrichs, author of Thank You for Arguing. The rhetorical tool is almost a challenge to uk custom 700, the audience; it is as if the narrator is saying ‘if you think you’re strong, try being Army Strong and then we’ll see how strong you really are.’ This charge at the viewers causes them to make a choice to cheap write my essay how the affects our brain, remain the same or in the eyes of the of the of the league 1930s narrator get stronger in all definitions of the word.
However, challenging the audience is not the internet only form of rhetoric the commercial uses on its viewers. It also takes into account pathos a great deal. The images on of my life essay the screen as the cheap write how the internet narrator talks cover a wide variety of emotions. The picture of the online cheap against decisions leadership council soldiers sitting together while the narrator talks about cheap write brotherhood, for instance, instills the value of friendship and loyalty in the viewers. While later the commercial incites feelings of selflessness and courage when the narrator talks about the write my thesis statement xs strength it takes to get over oneself. As he speaks on this pictures of soldiers working together and jumping out of planes appear on the screen.
By creating these emotions in the viewers as they watch the commercial allows them to associate these traits of my essay internet, friendship, selflessness and courage, with U.S. soldiers. Now, in the viewers mind, if they join the U.S. Army they too will be perceived as loyal, selfless and courageous. Essay Writing Service - Essaybuyers.com. Patriotism, however, is cheap how the internet, possibly the help my essay the consequences of the failure most effective use of pathos in this commercial. American soldiers are among some of the most respected people in the USA, so by continually showing pictures of them creates feelings of patriotism in the viewers. This patriotism then peaks in the middle of the commercial. As the narrator says, “Not just the strength to lift, the strength to raise,” the screen shows pictures of an cheap write how the internet our brain, American Flag being raised above a group of soldiers. The American flag is by the qualities of my life essay, far the most recognizable and significant American symbol. It is a symbol that gives people pride and hope, and fills us with patriotism. To show this symbol in the commercial is the ultimate way of saying that joining the U. S. Army is the cheap write internet most American thing you can do. It plays upon the common place of wanting to be good Americans and always showing pride in our country.
In the conclusion of the commercial, things escalate. The music grows louder, the tone of the narrator becomes stronger and the images across the screen become close ups of specific soldiers or groups, even in online arizona destructive decisions student leadership council some cases showing their names. This puts a person to the faces the audience is seeing, making it much more real for cheap my essay internet, them and again playing on uk custom the pathos. The most important rhetorical aspect of the final moments of the commercial however is the narrator’s monologue, “There is nothing on this green earth stronger than the U.S. Army, because there is nothing on this green earth stronger than an U.S. Army soldier.” Now, our narrator has flat out said that unless you are an write our brain, U.S. Writing Service On .... Army soldier you will never be the strongest version of yourself. Between trumpets, soldiers and patriotism this commercial effectively highlights the benefits and pride of being an U.S. Army soldier. Its rhetorical techniques cause the audience to be attentive and then almost willingly influenced by the visual and auditory cues. By the end of the commercial most people will find themselves asking, “Am I strong?
Or am I Army Strong?” 3 Comments on Rhetorical Analysis- Army Strong. With your Thesis i believe that you should include some words that describes Music, visuals, something that paints the picture in the mind of the reader. American Patriotism idea phenomenal. Instead of repeating #8220;According to Cicero#8221; you can change it up and say Cicero believes, or something other then According to Cicero. I think the intro is a compelling way onto the analysis.
It grabs your attention and makes you recall hearing the quote. The common place is that we have all either seen or heard this comercial at some point in our life. In the second paragraph where it states #8220;our own houses#8221;, maybe change houses to homes. Cheap Write My Essay Affects. yes the thesis is analytical. 1. The main claim is the importance the Army is to the United States and my thesis statement xs how the toughest individuals are in it. 2. The introduction of the write internet our brain context in this piece was very well done. The essay starts with the the consequences failure of the league 1930s slogan for cheap write my essay internet, the U.S. Army and mentions the buy essay cheap arizona students decisions student leadership council rhetoric techniques that will be discussed later in the paragraphs. Cheap. 3. The analysis actually does not contain those predominant themes. Some are slightly similar, but the writer does a great job in this. 4. Strong: #8220;This is a variation of the tool “The Belittlement Charge” acknowledged by Jay Heinrichs, author of Thank You for Arguing. Writing On ... - Essaybuyers.com. #8221; Weak: #8220;Patriotism, however, is possibly the most effective use of pathos in cheap my essay how the affects our brain this commercial.#8221; I identified the strong sentence by write statement xs, seeing that it had a detailed explanation of the term just before it.
Also, by being very specific about the tool and mentioning where it came from. I identified the second one as weak because it is a little vague. 5. Overall, the write affects our brain analysis has a good organization. The only thing I suggest is stating the rhetoric tool in the first few sentences of me do my essay of the league, each paragraph. 6. I think a paragraph on cheap write how the affects our brain logos can be made because in the commercial there are many logos aspects.
Also, you can write more about the narrator and the impact he has on people by using ethos.
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Harmful Algal Blooms and Aquaculture. Harmful Algal Blooms and how they are Linked to cheap how the affects our brain, Aquaculture Abstract Harmful algal blooms cause a wide range of me do my essay failure negative effects on aquaculture. These effects are come from the complexity of harmful algal species; the toxins they create and write how the our brain, morphology they have adapted. Science still lacks a full understanding of factors that are envolved in blooms formation. Aquaculture and buy essay online cheap against destructive council, harmful algal blooms are directly related because it is one of many anthropogenic factors that unintentionally produce the conditions that promote harmful algal blooms.
The methods of production, feeds used, waste produced can lead to nutrient loading and eutrophic conditions by releasing essential nutrients into water that are necessary for algal growth. Phosphorus and nitrogen compounds are two of the main byproducts or aquaculture that are associated with bloom formation. To minimize the effects of harmful algal blooms on aquaculture you must understand the diversity and complexity of harmful algal blooms and their relationship with aquaculture. Abstract Harmful algal blooms cause a wide range of negative effects on cheap my essay internet aquaculture. These effects are come from the complexity of harmful algal species; the toxins they create and morphology they have adapted. Science still lacks a full understanding of students against destructive decisions factors that are envolved in blooms formation.
Aquaculture and harmful algal blooms are directly related because it is one of many anthropogenic factors that unintentionally produce the conditions that promote harmful algal blooms. The methods of cheap write my essay our brain production, feeds used, waste produced can lead to nutrient loading and eutrophic conditions by my thesis statement for me xs releasing essential nutrients into my essay, water that are necessary for algal growth. One of the bigger concerns today is the apparent increase in harmful bloom events. Uk Custom Essay. Researchers have linked this increase with anthropogenic activities, aquaculture being one of them. Write Internet Affects. Aquaculture operations adds additional nutrients to the system, this lowers nutrients that limits algal growth. Best On ... - Essaybuyers.com. A better understand of the dynamics and characters the form and make up a bloom combined with the a better understanding of nutrient loading of aquaculture could potentially help reduce the cheap write my essay how the internet our brain, negative effects harmful algal blooms have on aquaculture. Single celled microscopic algae like phytoplankton are the most globally abundant species and one of the ideal life partner essay, oceans’ most important resources. These autotrophic primary producers form the bottom of the food pyramid, acting as the write my essay internet affects, primary source of food for larval finfish, crustaceans, filter feeding bivalves, and other species (Hallengraeff, 1995).
In normal concentrations, these single celled algae work in An Introduction to the Essay on the balance with the ocean and its inhabitants, filling important roles in chemical and nutrient cycles. Write My Essay Internet. They act as primary producers, providing nutrients and food for variety of different species. These simple microscopic species are vitally important to the success of buy essay arizona students destructive both fisheries and cheap write how the internet affects, aquaculture, but in the qualities of my partner some situations they can also have detrimental effects on the marine and coastal environment and write how the internet, numerous terrestrial and marine species. Essay. A combination of physical, chemical, biological, hydrological, and meteorological events can generate appropriate conditions that allow these simple single celled microalgae can exhibit exponential growth and reproduction. Write My Essay How The. These natural events create the opportunity for algal bloom formation with potential large scale negative effects throughout the area they cover (Graham, 2007). Algal blooms can be very diverse and differ from one another in many ways . How they form, the algal specie of causation, characteristics and the qualities ideal life partner essay, dynamics of a blooms, the species they affect, and impacts they cause are some of the complex factors that are found in blooms (Zingone Enevoldsen, 2000).
The specific characteristics used to define a harmful bloom vary by sources. Hans Paerl, among others, defined harmful blooms by using several characteristics. Paerl also defined harmful blooms at their most basic level by classifying them as having nuisance conditions, meaning ecological and/or economic impacts (Paerl, 1988). As harmful algal blooms move across the ocean, the observable effects they cause go beyond the ocean and marine species it covers. These events will also have wide spread negative impacts on costal terrestrial organism and both human health and activities. Algal species produce sevral different toxins that are detrimental effects to human health, causing various illnesses and mortalities. About 10% of foodborne disease in the United States results from algal toxins; worldwide they cause more than 60,000 intoxications a year. Van Dolah, 2000) Economic losses due harmful algal blooms have been estimated in the tens of millions of dollars, from costs of beach clean ups, decreased tourism, and closing or stopping sales of commercial fisheries and aquaculture (Van Dolah et al. Cheap How The Internet Our Brain. , 2001). Over the past several decades there has been an apparent increase in the frequency and geographic range of An Introduction on the harmful algal blooms. Write How The Affects. This apparent increase has been attributed to cheap arizona students destructive student council, both increased observations and focus on harmful algal blooms and increased inputs from anthropogenic sources.
Aquaculture is one of many anthropogenic activities that is believed to be hypernutrification and write my essay how the our brain, eutrophic conditions in surrounding bodies of water. Write My Thesis For Me. This paper will attempt to gain a better understanding of diversity of harmful algal blooms and cheap my essay affects, also the effect aquaculture has on the environment in adding in formation of harmful algal blooms. Algal Blooms Historically algal blooms are a naturally occurring phenomenon in earth’s oceans and have been observed throughout recorded history (Hallegraeff, 1993). These events are often beneficial to bivalves by supplying an abundant food supply to help my essay the consequences of the league, these filters feeding that relay on microalgae for their source of nutrients. Algal blooms can quickly turn into detrimental to cheap my essay how the internet our brain, the environment and to the Essay on the Topic of Police Officers, its inhabitants are various ways (Leverone, 2007). Sources from human history including the bible may contain the cheap write how the our brain, first documented cases of algal blooms. In Exodus 7: 20-21 referring to one of the plaques on Egypt “all the waters that were in the river turned to blood, and the fish that was in the river died”. Some historians and scientist now believe this biblical reference from 700 1,000BC could be the first written record of an algal bloom. Write Affects. (Hallegraeff, 1993) Other historical sources may have unknowing recorded written evidence on algal blooms, in China around 200AD general Zhu Ge-Ling documented sicknesses and losses of my thesis for me military personnel after drinking from write my essay how the internet affects our brain a river that was stained green. (Chorus Bartram, 1999) Examination of fossil algal specimens and historical reference compounding evidence that these event are not a new phenomenon and have been occurring in uk custom essay 700 earth’s oceans for thousands if not millions of years. Recent finding from numerous long term studies conducted around the cheap affects our brain, world has brought a strong belief in the scientific community that algal blooms have been increasing in their frequency and geographic distribution. Even though most scientiest support the idea of a global increase of blooms and twith strong evidence supporting this theroy there is still a major dissagreement about what is causing the increase (Pelley, 1998). The apparent increase of algal blooms, along with the global impacts on aquatic organisms, the environment, human health, and activities has increased interest and research being done on these events (Li et al.
2002; Van Dolah et al. , 2001). The exact characteristics and descriptions that define an algal bloom are fairly broad and very from source to source. I was unable to find a universal definition of algal blooms. The description and definition I came across were similar but differed in many aspects; this included sizes, formation factors, impacts, and algal species. Overall algal blooms are generally defined significant increase in me do my essay of the failure of the league in the biomass due to cheap write how the internet our brain, a rapid reproduction of a single microalgal species. The problem with this source is there can also be macroalgal blooms. Others described them as forming high density populations, with some species creating visible discoloration of the water. (Carstensen, Henriksen, Heiskanen, 2007; Diersing, 2009) Others define blooms by impacts they cause; displacing indigenes species, destroy habitat, oxygen depletion, and online cheap arizona students destructive decisions student council, alter biochemical cycles. (Hoagland et al. , 2002) A more generalized definition was given by Hallegraeff, adding that a bloom must have at least million cells per liter (Hallegraeff, 1993). The defining characteristic that differentiates a bloom from a harmful algal bloom is when they takes on a destructive roll and causes environment impacts. The term harmful is write my essay internet our brain, defined more specifically as causing negative impacts on the environment and adverse effects on both aquatic and terrestrial organisms.
This is due to factors such as toxins they produce, specie specific cell physical structure causing damage to aquatic organisms or by accumulation of biomass affect naturally occurring organisms causing alterations food web dynamics and biochemical cycles (Anderson et al. Write Statement For Me. 2002). Depending on the species, some algae produce toxins that can affect crustaceans, fish, shellfish, birds and mammals including humans; nontoxic species can still causes damage by blocking light from penetrating the water column, clogging or damaging gills, and creating anoxic conditions from accelerated decomposition as they die off (Silver et al. Cheap My Essay How The Internet Our Brain. , 2006; Sellner et al. , 2003) Harmful alga can also have impacts on shoreline coastal habitats, toxins can be transported onto Best College Essay Writing - essaybuyers.com, the shore by sea spray (Hoagland et al. , 2002). There are over write my essay internet affects, 5,000 know photoplanktonic algal species that inhabit the marine waters only a small portion, about 300 species are known to Best College Essay, have blooming capabilities and even fewer, about 40-80 species or 2-3% of all photoplantonic algal species are known to have toxic chemicals producing capabilities; this includes members that form red tides (Hallegraeff, 1993; Smayda, 1997). Nontoxic red tides are not uncommon, today people often incorrectly or mistakenly refer to toxic algal blooms as red tides even when brown, green or colorless (Anderson, 1994).
Toxic and other harmful algal species are ubiquitous throughout the marine and freshwater environment; the majority of the time they present at low population densities that cause few, if any and only minor impacts on the environment and its local inhabitants (Van Dolah, 2000). There are a variety of different phycotoxins algal species are able to synthesize; individual species will only produce one type of toxin. The evolutionary advantages of write my essay affects our brain these toxins are not fully understood; they are believed to play a role in bloom formation and online cheap arizona against decisions leadership council, predator protecting (Nehring, 1993). The different phycotoxins vary from one another in terms of the impacts and degree of damage they have on marine and terrestrial organisms, depending on the toxicity, the concentration, and the organisms. Toxicity vary among algal species Dinophysis is one example, they have the ability to produce toxins that have negative effects at densities as low as 100 cells per L-1 (Sellner et al. Cheap Affects Our Brain. , 2003).
The most toxic algal species are mainly found in dinoflagellets (Table 1) with some having toxicity greater than venomous snakes. Table 1. Toxicity of several phycotoxins created different organisms including algae. (Van Dolah, 2000) The taxonomic algal groups’ dinoflagellets, raphidophyetes, cynobactria, and some diatoms are known to have the capabilities of phycotoxins production; these species are often the my essay failure league in the 1930s, culprit behind harmful algal blooms. Phycotoxins are toxic chemicals created biologically by photosynthetic organisms. Dinoflagellets are one of the predominate species that forms red tides; members of this group also produce toxin that lead to foodborne illness and my essay how the, human mortalities (Li et al. , 2002; Hallegraeff et al. 1995). Human induced illnesses are not an uncommon result from consumption of seafood.
Many algal toxins are potentially dangerous and even deadly to humans. Toxins accumulate in tissues of organisms like shellfish, finfish, and crustaceans that come in contact with a toxic bloom. These species are usually far less affected by algal toxins having adaptive mechanisms that lower the my thesis for me xs, effects on the organisms associated with toxic blooms. However toxins still accumulate within the tissues and detoxification can take weeks before they reach levels safe for human consumption. Algal toxins cause for concerns for humans not only because they maintain their toxicity long after the bloom but more importantly because they can withstanding heat from cooking. Algal toxin foodborne diseases are caused by various species or toxins and come from different vectors. Bivalve vectors can induce human illness that include (Table 2) paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (NSP), amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP), diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP); other vectors can lead to various other diseases as well (Van Dolah, 2000). The popular term of red tide given to harmful algal bloom comes from compact, high densities of algal cells that containing red photosynthetic pigments, causing the water to appear red (Carstensen et al. , 2007). These toxic species can normally be found in low concentrations have no impacts on organisms and environment. My Essay How The Affects. The adverse effects on organism often deepened on cell concentration; in blooms toxic algae aggregate and are more dangerous (Van Dolah, 2000). Some toxic algal species have developed unique life cycles and morphological characteristics that allow them to occupy a specific niche that will be further examined.
Table 2. Foodborne and environmental disease caused by harmful algal species, the the qualities of my ideal life partner essay, toxin produced and the primary vector they inhabit. (Van Dolah, 2000) Harmful algal species have many adverse impacts on bivalves’ this includes a wide range of sub-lethal and lethal effects; some algal species are more detrimental than others (Leverone, 2007). It is write my essay how the affects our brain, believed that increase frequency of blooms is partially due to to the Topic Officers, the introduction of non-indigenous algal species. Non-indigenous species potentially will create a specific niche, and/or out compete native species. Indigenous naturally occurring harmful algal species are far less direct effects on bivalves; this is because they have been able to naturally adapt to their presence over time. Native algal species in most case do not have as bad direct, detrimental impacts on shellfish and are usually not associated with large scale bivalve die off. The exception to this is in cases of intense blooms (Matsuyama Shumway, 2009; Nehring, 1993; Zingone Enevoldsen, 2000). It’s still hard to truly say many large scale die-offs and increase sub-lethal impacts are directly due to cheap internet affects our brain, non-indigenous algal species because identification is sometimes difficult, longer term data individual algal species geographic ranges are limited combined, and the theory anthropogenic factors are causing an overall increase in blooms. In many circumstance of HAB mortalities it’s difficult to buy essay cheap arizona students against destructive student, differentiate whether they resulted from the algal specie or unfavorable water quality that coincide with blooms (Anderson et al. , 2002; Leverone, 2007). Complex morphology are found in many harmful algal species that helps protect them from predation and the environment and help obtain nutrients. Diatom algae are members of the Bacillariophyceae class; they have been around for over 180 million years helping to create earth’s atmosphere and cheap write how the affects our brain, also play a major role in nutrient and chemical cycles.
Over their evolutionary history diatoms have developed a variety of different exterior cellular morphology for protection from the environment and predation. They have a range of cell shapes and sizes and also form unique frustule cell walls made from silica. The frustule cell wall is made up of two over lapping overlapping silica bands forming a protective shell. The 100,000 diatom species have developed “seeming infinite variations” of cell wall micropatterns and buy essay arizona against destructive leadership council, structures; including ridges, spines and plates (Kroger Poulsen, 2008) These cellular morphological characteristics help protect them under adverse environmental conditions and restrict or prevent predation. Some species of diatoms have developed such strong cell walls with structural properties that enable them to survive ingestion and escape after passing through the digestive system. Write My Essay How The Internet Affects Our Brain. (Merkel, et al.
2003) The benefits of these structures do have negative effects and come at the expense of motile abilities, limits growth, and makes the cell very dense; motile restorations and high cell densities make diatoms much more likely to sink out College Essay, of the high nutrient water column. Cheap Write Internet Our Brain. Bloom Formation The intricacy of bloom formation is Best College Essay Service, due to both the abiotic(environmental and anthropogenic factors) and cheap my essay how the internet our brain, biotic factors; these being the algae themselves. Adaptations of Best life cycle, morphology, and environmental conditions enable rapid reproduction of certain algal species that have developed specific niches (Sellner et al. 2003; Zingone Enevoldsen, 2000). Algal blooms formation driven by write my essay how the affects the complex relation between the environmental factors and algal species; although we understand the buy essay cheap arizona destructive decisions student leadership council, basics of formation there are still many unknowns. There are seemingly endless amounts of variables and factors that play a role in creating of how the internet our brain a bloom. The main driving factors of when and where a bloom forms are a combination of environmental/anthropogenic factors (nutrient cycles and inputs) and algal morphology (Pinckney et al. , 1997; Sellner et al. ,2003). As simple as it sounds, there are countless variables including natural condition, anthropogenic effects, algal physiological and morphological characteristics that lead to the unpredictability and help the consequences league, overall misunderstanding we still have on cheap how the internet blooms. (Sellner et al. , 2003; Anderson, 1994) The belief that algal blooms are increasing in frequency and geographic range is a popular belief that is backed by numerous studies. The cause of this apparent increase has been attributed to the expanding human population (anthropogenic effects).
Some still argue that the increase in blooms is due to Best College Writing Service On ..., the increase in observations from studies worldwide, a better understanding of blooms and better record keeping; but with overwhelming evidence supporting the lateral it’s hard to believe the human race is not playing a major roll. (Sellner et al. , 2003) Looking at the numer of literary reference to harmful algal bloom over 70 years(figure 1) shows a dramitic increase algal blooms from the 1920’s through late 1990’s (Hallegraeff, 1993). Write How The Our Brain. This also give arguments that increase research and technology contriubute to the increase ovserevd. Figure 1. Literary references of harmful algal blooms from Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstract (AFSA) publications over Essay, about 70 years. The increase can be attributed to a combination of anthropogenic factors or increased observations and present arguments for both sides. (Hallegraeff, 1993) Today we have an understanding of the natural environmental processes and factors that lead to bloom formation; but the internet, effects humans apply to the environment alter the natural cycles making it more difficult to write statement, predict blooms (Paerl, 1988). Blooms occur under irregular conditions that promote growth and reproduction allowing some species to flourish. Internet. The conditions found in blooms broad and often species’ specific adding to the complexity and unpredictability of blooms.
In general the conditions associated with blooms are abundance (eutrophic), or an imbalance of nutrients, along with favorable water conditions (temperature, DO, salinity, etc. ). Natural processes like atmospheric deposition, water column turnover, upwelling, oceanic currents, storms, and anomalous weather events (El Nino) work together and fluctuate over time effecting mixing rates, water quality. Nutrients pools build up over help me do my essay failure in the 1930s, time from organic decomposition in benthic sediment. Write Internet Our Brain. Mixing of the sediment perelapses the nutrient pools and bring about eutrophic conditions or alter the water chemistry that enable specific species of my thesis statement for me algae to flourish (Sellner et al. Cheap Write How The Internet Affects. , 2003; Van Dolah, 2000; Paerl, 1988). Natural mixing rates occur during regularly during temporal or seasonal with environmental fluxes or randomly from disturbances (natural anthropogenic). Me Do The Consequences Of The League In The. Sediment mixing are very important environment processes, releasing nutrients back into the water column allowing for increased primary producer growth. Seasonal and temporal sediment mixing produce lead to the specific conditions that form blooms. Cheap Write My Essay How The Our Brain. Eutrophication has been defined as “an increase in write supply of organic matter to the ecosystem; in terms of algal bloom this refers to an increase in nutrients that allows an increase of cheap write my essay how the primary production” (Bonsdorff et al. , 1997). Three key nutrients, nitrates ammonia and phosphates are associated with eutrophication and considered the help me do my essay of the in the 1930s, driving forces behind bloom (Sheng, Jinghong, Shiqiang, Jixi, Dingyong, Ke, 2006). The levels found in marine waters are driven naturally based on natural events discussed above. Studies have found a correlation between anthropogenic actives leading to nitrogen and phosphorus nutrient loading and the apparent increase in affects our brain frequency of algal blooms along with alteration of natural nitrogen/phosphorus ratio (Bonsdorff et al. , 1997; Paerl, 2009). There are various anthropogenic activities that have led to the both local and global increase of nutrients in fresh and marine waters.
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On the help my essay of the failure in the, other hand inland facilities such as pond systems and other flow through systems release effluent discharge causing nutrient in cheap internet affects the and around the An Introduction Essay on the Topic Officers, bodies of water they run into. The species being cultured also plays a major role. Bivalves for instance play a role in limiting algal growth by filter feeding, while finfish inputs and excreting essential nutrients in their waste is a major source of nutrients (Soto Mena, 1991). How intensive an operation is and the actual inputs into the system are directly related. The more intensive an cheap write my essay how the affects our brain, operation the more inputs and Essay Officers, the more inputs the greater chance of hypernutrification and eutrophic conditions. Different operations require different inputs and these inputs have different nutrient atios. Culture of some juvenile finfish require fertilization to promote phytoplankton growth for feed this puts the essential nutrients for algal growth directly into the system.
The feeds used in aquaculture vary on the nutrients they are made up of, how stable they are and whether they float or sink. These factors are all in play in nutrient loading that come directly from aquaculture (Islam, 2005). Cheap Write My Essay Internet Affects Our Brain. The effects of aquaculture feeds on nutrient loading depend on Topic Officers several factors. There are three main factors these include; 1) the amount of wasted feed. This is due to poor farming and management practice and floating Vs. sinking feeds.
Poor management practices means over or an improper feeding technique that puts more feed in cheap write affects the water. Floating and sinking feed choices is also important. Sinking feeds may not be eaten by finfish if they go through the bottom of a net or cage, or if they sit on the qualities of my partner essay the bottom. On the write internet affects, other hand floating feeds may be less stable or uneaten if they are transported out of a system or to a place where they are unable to be eaten. 2) The actual quality of the feed. This poor stability and high solubility of feed pellets in water mean that once they are in the water they will be broken down and release more and nutrients and in less time.
The final factor is deals is An Introduction to the Essay on the Topic of Police, loosely related to the previous two. 3) Once the how the affects our brain, feed is ingested factors such as limitations of absorption and retention of the An Introduction Essay Topic Officers, nutrients from the feed. This factor deals mainly with poor digestibility or metabolism of the cheap write affects our brain, species being culture to the feed they are given. The nutrients in the feeds many not be utilized to their full potential once ingested fish will excrete the excess nutrients (Soto Mena, 1991). Feed and arizona decisions council, nutrient inputs play a major role in nutrient loading and cheap my essay how the internet, creating the conditions that promote algal growth either directly in write my thesis statement for me xs the form of uneaten feeds or nutrients leaching or dissolving from the feeds, or indirectly from the cheap affects, digestion, metabolism and waste products from the species being cultured (Tacon Forster, 2003).
The important of feeds in nutrient loading must not be overlooked one study estimated that 70% of phosphorus and 30-50% of An Introduction Essay Topic nitrogen in feeds is affects our brain, not utilized by fish and is released into the environment (Soto Mena, 1991). This only shows two of the most essential nutrients associated with bloom formation and not the various other nutrients that are also released and are important for algal growth. This also shows the significance of feeds based on the large amount of Topic nutrients that are not utilized and instead entering the write how the internet, environment, promoting algal growth. Over all aquaculture farm operations lead to excessive amounts of inorganic and organic fertilizer, feeds, and wastes that are put into local water bodies with high concentrations nutrient, that lead to nutrient loading and eutrophic conditions. Discussion and Best College Writing Service On ..., Conclusions Aquaculture over the last several decades has grown globally in both its production and popularity. In the future aquaculture will continue to grow in its importance to the human population as alternative food source to agriculture and wild fisheries, as well as helping with the depleted ocean stocks. As of now it appear that we will be seeing an increase in aquaculture around the world in the years to come. Cheap. Although there are many benefits to Best Essay On ..., aquaculture and the potential of increased production may have we must measure the benefits against the environment impacts they cause. Nutrient loading is just one of the environmental impacts associated with aquaculture and the effects of nutrient loading go beyond promotion of algal blooms. The global increase in aquaculture coincides with the apparent increase in harmful algal.
Although there are many other anthropogenic factors that are at play in global nutrient loading aquaculture is cheap how the affects, a major local point-source form. We must understand the specific conditions that are associated blooms and the role aquaculture plays along with how complex and diverse blooms can if we hope to develop mechanisms that can significantly reduce the impacts on An Introduction to the of Police aquaculture. I choose the topic of harmful algal blooms and aquaculture effects of nutrient loading because it fits in perfect with our class: aquaculture and the environment. The purpose of this paper was to gain a general understanding of harmful algal blooms, and also to review the factors of aquaculture that lead to nutrient loading, eutrophic conditions, and the aid in bloom formation. This topic caught my attention because of similar topics I’ve cover and work I’ve done this semester in this class and write my essay how the, others classes.
Harmful algal blooms in general are very interesting because of the diversity of blooms, the statement, range of effects they have, how unique the cheap write how the internet affects, species involved are, and because of the complexity and over all lack of understanding have in factors of bloom formation. The purpose of this class included reviewing the impact of Essay on the Topic Officers aquaculture on the environment and methods of reducing or eliminating those impacts. This paper focuses on harmful algal blooms and how aquaculture creates conditions that promoted bloom formation. I focused a great deal of this paper on harmful algal blooms because if you hope to minimize the impacts they cause you must appreciate and understand their complexity and also understand the relation they have with aquaculture. The purpose of this paper was not to examine direct ways in which to minimize nutrient inputs of harmful algal blooms but the information given on harmful algal blooms and the role aquaculture plays in promoting bloom formation is useful to future studies and reviews focusing on ways to minimize the cheap internet, impacts of HABs on aquaculture and help reduce the factors of aquaculture that promote harmful bloom formation. Bibliography Anderson, D. M. (1994).
Red Tides. Statement For Me Xs. Scientific American Vol. How The Internet Affects. 271, No. 2, 52-58. An Introduction To The On The Officers. Anderson, D. M. , Glibert, P. M. , Burkholder, J. M. (2002). Harmful Algal Blooms and Eutrophication: Nutrient Sources, Composition, and Consequences . Estuaries Vol.
25, No. 4b, 704-726. Anderson, D. , Andersen , P. , Bricelj, V. How The Our Brain. , Cullen, J. , Rensel, J. (2001). Monitoring and Management Strategies for Harmful Algal Blooms in Coastal Waters. Paris: UNESCO. Bonsdorff, E. , Blomqvist, E. M. Uk Custom 700. , Mattila, J. , Norkko, A. Affects. (1997). Coastal Eutrophication: Causes, Consequences and Perspectives in the Archipelago Areas of the Northern Baltic Sea.
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Vol. 44, Sup. A, 63-72. Bonsdorff, E. Buy Essay Online Cheap Arizona Students Against Decisions. , Blomqvist, E. , Mattila, J. , Norkko, A. (1997). Coastal Eutrophication: Causes, Consequences and Perspectives in the Archipelago Areas of the how the affects, Northern Baltic Sea. Best Writing Service. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Vol. 44. Burkholder, J. , Glasgow, H. (1997). Trophic Controls on write how the internet our brain Stage Transformation of a Toxic Ambush-Predatior Dinoflagellate. Journal of Eukaryotic and Microbiology Vol. 44, Issue 3, 200-205.
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Toxic Cyanobacteria in to the Essay Officers Water: A guide to their public health consequences, . London: E FN spon . Diersing, N. Write My Essay Internet Affects. (2009). Phytoplankton Blooms: The Basics. Florida keys: NOAA. Gerssen, A. , Pol-Hofstad, I. E. The Qualities Of My Ideal Essay. , Poelman, M. , Mulder, P. P. , Van Den Top, H. Cheap Write How The Internet. J. , Boer, J. (2010). Marine Toxins: Chemistry, Toxicity, Occurrence and Detection,.
Toxins Vol. Buy Essay Online Cheap Arizona Destructive. 2, 878-904. Gilbert , P. Cheap Write My Essay How The Internet Affects. M. , Burkholder, J. M. (2006). The Complex Relationships Between Increases in Fertilization of the uk custom 700, Earth, Coastal Eutrophication and Proliferation of write how the internet affects our brain Harmful Algal Blooms. Ecological Studies Vol. Write Statement For Me. 189, 331-354. Hallegraeff, G. M. (1993).
A Review of Harmful Algal Blooms and cheap write my essay how the our brain, their Apparent Global Increase*. Phycologia Vol. 32 No. 2, 79-99. Hallegraeff, G. M. Help Me Do My Essay Of The Failure League 1930s. (1993). Global Increase of Harmful Algal Blooms. Phycologia 32(2). Hallegraeff, G. M. , Anderson, D. M. , Cembella, A. D. (1995). Manual on Harmful Marnie. Paris: UNESCO.
Hallengraeff, G. M. (1995). Write Affects Our Brain. Harmful Algal Blooms: A Global Overview. In G. M. Hallegraeff , D. M. Anderson , A. D. Cembella, Manual on online cheap arizona against decisions student Harmful Marine Microalgae. Paris: UNESCO. Hegaret, H. , Mirella da Silva, P. , Wikfors, G. H. , Haberkorn, H. , Shumway, S. E. , Soudant, P. Cheap Write Internet. (2011). In Vitro Interatction Between Several Species of Harmful Algae and Haemocytes of Bivalve Molluscs. Online Arizona Students Against Decisions Student Leadership. Cell Biology and Toxicology Vol. 27 No. 4, 249-266.
Hegaret, H. , Shumway, S. , Wikfors, G. , Pate, S. , Burkholder, J. Write My Essay Internet Our Brain. (2008). Potential Transport of Harmful Algae via Relocation of Bivavle Molluscs. Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol. 361 , 169-179. Essay 700. Hoagland, P. , Anderson, D. M. , Kaoru, Y. , White, A. M. (2002). The Economic Effects of Harmful Algal Blooms in the United . Estuaries Vol. 25, No.
4b, 819-837. Islam, S. (2005). Nitrogen and Phosphorus Budget in Coastal and Marine Cage Aquaculture and Impacts of Efflent Loading on Ecosytem: Review and write my essay affects our brain, Analysis towards Model Development. Marine Pollution Bulletin Vol. Uk Custom. 50. Karakassis, I. , Pitta, P. , Krom, M. (2005). Contribution of Fish Farming to write my essay affects our brain, the Nutrient Loading of the Best College Essay, Mediterranean. Science Maria Vol. 9. Cheap Internet Affects Our Brain. Keyhani, N. , Roseman, S. (1998). Best Service - Essaybuyers.com. Physiological Aspects of Chitin Catabolism in cheap write my essay Marine Bactria.
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Leverone, J. R. Uk Custom. (2007). Comparative Effects of the Toxic Dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis, on Bivalve Molluscs from Florida. Graduate School These and Dissertation , University of South Florida, Biological and Oceanography. Lewitus, A. Cheap Write How The Internet Affects Our Brain. , Horner, R. , Caron, D. On .... , Garcia-Mendoza, E. , Hickey, B. Cheap Write Internet Our Brain. , Hunter, M. , et al. (2012). Harmful algal blooms along the North American west coast region:. Harmful Algae 19, 133-159. Li, S. -C. , Wang, W. -X. , Hsieh, D. P. (2002). The Qualities Life Partner Essay. E? ects of toxic dino? agellate Alexandrium. Marine Environmental Research Vo. 53, 145-160.
Matsuyama, Y. , Shumway, S. (2009). Impacts of Harmful Algal Blooms on Shellfish Aquaculture. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing . Merkel, R. Cheap Write My Essay How The. Hamm, C. E. , Springer, O. , Jurkojc, P. , Maire, C. My Thesis Statement. , Prechtel, K. , et al. (2003). Architecture and Material Properties of Diatom Shells Provide Effective Mechanical Protection. Nature Vol 421, 841-843. Nehring, S. (1993). Mechanisms for Recurrent Nuisance Algal Blooms in write my essay internet our brain Coastal Zones: Resting Cycst Formation as Life-Strategy of Dinoflagellates. Proceedings of the International Coastal Congress ICC Kiel 192. (pp. 454-467). Berlin: Peter Lang Publishing. Paerl, H. Xs. W. (1988).
Nuisance Phytoplankton Blooms in Coastal, estuarine, and Inland Waters. Cheap Write My Essay How The Internet Affects Our Brain. Limnology and cheap arizona against destructive leadership, Oceanography, Vol. 3, No. 4, Part 2, 823-847. Paerl, H. W. (2009). Controlling Eutrophication alng the Freshwater-Marine Continuum: Dual Nutrient (N and P) Reduction are Essential. Estuaries and Coasts Vol.
32, 593-601. Pelley, J. (1998). Cheap My Essay. What is causing Toxic Algal Bloom? Anvironmental Science technology Vol. 32, No. 1, 26-30. Pinckney, J. L. , Millie, D. F. , Vinyard, B. T. , Paerl, H. W. (1997). Environmental Controls of Phytoplankton Bloom Dynamics in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, U. S. A. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Vol. 54, 2491-2501.
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The Lancet Flubs PACE Letter: Exposes Journal to Ridicule. “…science has taken a turn towards darkness” Richard Horton, editor of the Lancet. The latest PACE controversy started with a simple invitation from Richard Horton, the editor of The Lancet – to 42 signers of a letter requesting that an cheap write my essay internet our brain independent analysis of the PACE trial be done. Horton’s history with the PACE trial had seemed one-sided to Writing Service On ..., many in the ME/CFS camp. Horton could have simply dismissed the criticisms of the trial but he went a step further characterizing the critics complaints as “vexatious”, and characterizing them as.
“a fairly small, but highly organized, very vocal and very damaging group of individuals who have, I would say, actually hijacked this agenda and distorted the debate so that it actually harms the overwhelming majority of patients.” Vexatious complaints are simply attended to annoy; they indicate that no real grounds for the complaint exist. Horton appeared to listen when 43 professionals submitted a letter to Lancet but then mysteriously disappeared again. When forty-two researchers, academics and clinicians signed off on a letter stating they believed that the flaws in the PACE trial “have no place in our brain, published research” Horton couldn’t ignore them. So he did what a good editor should do: he promised to 700, give them space in internet affects, the journal to air their concerns.
He replied to their email: “Many thanks for buy essay cheap destructive your email. In the write how the internet affects, interests of transparency, I would like to invite you to submit a letter for publication–please keep your letter to 700, around 500 words. We will then invite the authors of the study to reply to your very serious allegations.” His reply suggested that the letter would be published with a response from the cheap my essay affects, authors of the trial, but then Horton shelved the of the in the 1930s, letter.. Months later, after some digging, the authors learned that The Lancet had rejected the new letter without explanation. Cheap Write How The. Since contents of the new letter closely followed the contents of the original letter; i.e. Horton knew exactly what he was going to get – they were thoroughly confused. The Lancet’s latest reply came not from Horton but from Audrey Ceschia, the Lancet’s correspondence editor. She explained “that the Lancet editorial staff decided, after discussing the matter with the PACE authors, that the letter did not add anything substantially new to my thesis for me xs, the discussion.” The fact that Horton had used the same authors who’d publicly stated that they believed the cheap write my essay how the affects, continuing controversy put their careers in risk to rule on the letter’s veracity seemed not to bother Ceschia or Horton at buy essay cheap arizona students, all.
Lancet appears to cheap how the internet affects our brain, be either so blind to the issues of buy essay online arizona decisions student leadership, journalistic integrity that they don’t realize how crazy this looks, or they simply don’t care.. Racaniello was shocked by Horton’s “unprofessional” behavior. Horton’s attempted burial of the letter prompted Vincent Racaniello, the researcher running the write my essay how the our brain, Virology blog website, to take off the the qualities ideal life partner, gloves. Racaniello flatly accused The Lancet’s chief editor of “highly unprofessional” behavior and trying to bury the issue. Cheap How The Affects. He asserted that Lancet simply could not be trusted to buy essay students against destructive student leadership, act in an objective manner anymore. “The reasons given for write my essay how the internet the rejection are clearly specious. The letter for publication reflected the matters addressed in cheap decisions student, the open letter that prompted Dr. Horton’s invitation in the first place, and cheap write my essay how the internet our brain closely adhered to his directive to outline our “serious allegations”. If outlining these allegations was not considered publication-worthy by The Lancet, it is incomprehensible to cheap arizona destructive decisions council, us why Dr. Horton solicited the letter in write my essay how the affects our brain, the first place. Racaniello.
The sequence of events suggested that Horton had initially been persuaded by 700 the letter; he did, after all, ask the 42 authors for write how the internet affects another letter but something – probably his conversations with the write my thesis statement for me, PACE trial authors – persuaded him to attempt to bury the matter. One might be inclined to lump The Lancet into the buddy-buddy basket of medical journalism except for two things. The Lancet is genuinely thought of as one of the how the our brain, top medical journals in Best College, the world, and Lancet’s editor, Richard Horton, has portrayed himself as a kind of white knight of journalistic integrity. Last year he penned a startling op ed suggesting that perhaps half of the published scientific literature is write my essay how the simply wrong. The case against College Service science is straightforward: much of the cheap my essay, scientific literature, perhaps half, may simply be untrue. Afflicted by studies with small sample sizes, tiny effects, invalid exploratory analyses, and flagrant conflicts of interest, together with an buy essay arizona against destructive decisions student council obsession for pursuing fashionable trends of dubious importance, science has taken a turn towards darkness. Cheap Write My Essay How The Our Brain. As one participant put it, “poor methods get results”. Horton also slammed the peer review system as “biased, unjust, unaccountable…occasionally fooling and frequently wrong”. Yet, Horton apparently took the “peer” out help me do the consequences failure of the league 1930s of the peer review by giving the PACE researchers a say in whether a letter raising concerns about the validity of their own research should be published.
The Lancet at this point is looking more like the Keystone Kops than a serious medical journal. If Horton believes that perhaps half the scientific literature – ninety-nine percent of which is published without controversy – is cheap write my essay how the internet our brain untrue, where does that leave the PACE trial? How unlikely is it that the PACE trial, which has generated enormous controversy amongst both researchers and patients, doesn’t have a serious problem? Horton is clearly invested emotionally in the issue. He surely exaggerated when he told Australian radio that the the qualities of my ideal life, Lancet paper, which he had fast-tracked and cheap write my essay internet affects our brain published within four weeks of being submitted, had gone through “endless rounds of peer review”. Horton also probably exaggerated when he reported that FOIA requests concerning the PACE trial had cost the British taxpayers over buy essay online students destructive a million dollars (U.S.) It’s not clear how much of a hit to Lancet’s reputation Horton is willing to take, or Lancet is willing to take on how the behalf of the qualities life partner essay, him. The Lancet has been described as one of the most prestigious medical journals in the world. Wikipedia. Andrew Gelman pointed that The Lancet’s impact factor was recently ranked second among general medical journals. Two months ago, though, a presentation at an international statisticians conference asserted that the PACE data was so “highly flawed” as to be “uninterpretable.” The American Statistical Association actually urged its delegates to attend the talk to hear how “how bad statistics harm patients and our profession”.Bruce Levin, a biostatistician at Columbia University, told Julie Rehmeyer that “The Lancet needs to stop circling the wagons and cheap my essay internet affects our brain be open.
One of the tenets of good science is transparency.” In a piece titled “PACE study and the Lancet: Journal reputation is to the Topic a two-way street”, statistician Andrew Gelman pointed to past journals which lost their reputations because of cheap my essay internet affects our brain, similar situations. He suggested that The Lancet could be playing with fire. He imagined a conversation like this occurring: Scientist A: My new paper was published in on the of Police Officers, the Lancet! Scientist B: The Lancet, eh? Isn’t that the journal that published the discredited Iraq survey, the Andrew Wakefield paper, and that weird PACE study?
A: Ummm, yeah, but my article isn’t one of those Lancet papers. Write How The Affects Our Brain. It’s published in the serious, non-politicized section of the magazine. B: Oh, I get it: The Lancet is like the Wall Street Journal—trust the articles, not the An Introduction to the Essay on the of Police Officers, opinion pages? A: Not quite like that, but, yeah: If you read between the lines, you can figure out my essay how the our brain which Lancet papers are worth reading. B: Ahhh, I get it. For now The Lancet has the me do of the failure league in the 1930s, upper hand. Getting published on The Lancet is so sought after that researchers create their submissions solely based on how they think The Lancet will view them. Given that kind of influence, who, outside of the chronic fatigue syndrome community, wouldn’t give The Lancet the benefit of the doubt against the much maligned ME/CFS community? A reputation can be a slippery slope – gained with difficulty and easily lost. The Lancet probably doesn’t feel it needs to cheap write my essay how the affects our brain, play fair with under-served disorders like ME/CFS, but a reputation is more easily lost than won. It’s often in these seemingly small, David vs Goliath type battles where the arrogance endemic in the consequences of the of the in the 1930s, an institution (or an editor) gets fully exposed, that institutions can take their biggest hits.
Horton nixed his chance to get ahead of the curve for cheap write internet once, and help me do my essay of the failure acknowledge the PACE study might have some problems. After a judge ruled in favor of an ME/ CFS patient the write my essay how the affects our brain, raw data from the PACE trial data is being independently assessed. We’ll see what happens, but if the data suggests that changes to the trial’s protocols benefited the researchers, the life essay, PACE trial will take a big hit – and so will Horton. Horton should probably note what happened to my essay internet our brain, Queen Mary University of London in partner essay, its efforts to suppress the PACE data. It floundered about so much it was made to look ridiculous. The Tribunal ruling on the case called some of the QMUL’s arguments “wild speculation” and accused one its defendants of lacking the cheap write my essay internet our brain, objectivity demanded by the qualities ideal life essay his profession. It asserted that he was unable to distinguish “legitimate ethical and write my essay how the political disagreement”, and that his reports of the qualities of my ideal life essay, hostile activist behavior were “grossly exaggerated”.
It basically accused one of the QMUL’s main witnesses of an over-reach unbecoming of academia. In the Dr. Seuss story “Horton Hears a Who” Horton can hear a world that no one else can see. Cheap My Essay How The Internet Affects. Right now Richard Horton seems to be living in a world of his own – a world where it’s OK to castigate critics and play waiting games instead of responding to inquiries, and allow the plaintiffs to play judge, etc. He and The Lancet may be in for write my thesis statement xs a surprise.
Join Health Rising's ME/CFS, FM and Chronic Pain Forums! Share your pain, make friends, find new treatment options, check out recovery stories and more in the Health Rising ME/CFS, FM and Chronic Pain Forums here. Like this blog? Make sure you don’t miss another by registering for our free ME/CFS and cheap write affects Fibromyalgia blogs here.. Horton’s history with the PACE trial had seemed one-sided to uk custom, many in the ME/CFS camp. Horton could have simply dismissed the criticisms of the write my essay affects our brain, trail… I think that should be trial, not trail. Though the PACE trial did lead down a long rabbit trail. (: Truth in uk custom essay, the medical field, as well as in cheap my essay how the, all fields of inquiry, will out — sooner, during these quickly accelerating evolutionary times, rather than later. Coverups never really expected to be publicly disclosed will widely see the light of day.
Horton indeed hears a Who, and the Emperor/s of this medical-industrial power game are seen as they are, more butt-naked by the day. Help My Essay Of The Failure 1930s. Chronic illness experiencers are waking up exponentially and will act, speak out, educate with much greater results. This is just the cheap affects our brain, beginning of justice for statement xs the worldwide neuroendocrine immune/CIR disease communities. This is not the only subject on my essay how the affects our brain which I have heard The Lancet accused of An Introduction Essay on the Officers, non-objective bias. I like the satirical suggestion about “the opinion pages”, The Lancet certainly seems to be infested with politically correct, progressively left-liberal views just as a lot of “media” are – but bias in actual medical research as it affects the suffering victims of a condition, is a more serious issue. Hmmm…blaming the victims rather than taking responsibility?
I’ve never heard of such a thing. Is there something in the British water supply that causes the cheap write how the, doctors over there to be so insufferably stupid? I think I’d rather have ME than be as smug, idiotic, backward, and obtuse as most of them appear to be. Racist comments like this do not help our cause. Racist?
That is labeling and maybe name-calling, not racist. I won’t be back to read your reply but if you feel you need to go ahead. But what Rick stated is NOT RACIST! Just saying “British water supply” is An Introduction to the on the Topic of Police not a racist remark. I suspect you maybe meant “Xenophobic comments like this do not help our cause”, and I agree. Morgan and PamJ Consider this definition: “Racism is an ideology that gives expression to myths about other racial and cheap affects our brain ethnic groups, that devalues and Best Essay Writing - essaybuyers.com renders inferior those groups, that reflects and is perpetuated by deeply rooted historical, social, cultural and power inequalities in cheap write internet, society.” Unfortunately, it does not define race but there are various definitions around, one of the simplest being a group of people sharing history, nationality and/or geographic distribution. Under this definition “British” is help my essay the consequences of the 1930s a race.
To suggest that British doctors in write how the our brain, general are “insufferably stupid” and Best College Essay On ... that most of them appear to be “smug, idiotic, backward, and obtuse” most certainly constitute unwarranted and demeaning assertions. By the way I left the grossly politicized British health service in 1982 to work as a doctor in Australia. It was more the system that was the problem and write how the affects little seems to An Introduction to the Topic, have changed. I’m British and so far as the PACE trial goes I agree with you wholeheartedly. Most of our doctors are very dedicated and do their level best, but have to how the affects our brain, follow national guidelines … which PACE essentially hijacked and distorted. Really hoping that will change in due course now. Maybe something trumps the PACE stupidity. Doctors tried to bully my proudly ill daughter into GET and CBT because the evidence saying it helped was published in The Lancet. It appears extremely negligent of Richard Horton to allow the reputation of The Lancet, to Best College Essay Writing Service On ..., be used as a shield to protect Peter White, Trudy Chalder et al….
Gelman suggests that Horton is using the Lancet’s and his reputation as a sort of shield to stop further inquiry. My Essay Affects. My guess is that Horton feels he can do this because he feels that ME/CFS is kind of weak opponent that he can bully with success. An Introduction Topic. I think he’s going to affects our brain, be wrong and he and Lancet will come out of this looking really bad. I’m having trouble wrapping my mind around what his motivation might be, especially after his OpEd on rampant fauly scientific literature. Was he saying that the literature is faulty everywhere else, but NOT at the Lancet?
Then, what is online students student council his connection to the PACE researchers that would give them so much sway, and why would he backtrack as you talked about? Hmmm. I may be going to far out on a limb with this one, but I’ll say it anyway. I ask myself, who has the most to cheap write my essay how the affects our brain, lose if the College Service On ... - essaybuyers.com, Lancet allows for the PACE trials to be fully deligitimized by giving critics such a “well-respected” forum? Who could get Horton to change his position, and cheap internet affects our brain put him in a tough enough spot where he would shut down any futher conversation by resorting to name calling and deflection? Surely, it can’t really be the PACE researchers? I hate to sound like a conspiracy theorist, but I wonder if the British government is somehow involved? Maybe the online destructive leadership council, health ministry has its own agenda when it comes to cheap write my essay how the affects our brain, all this. There’s a lot of An Introduction Essay of Police Officers, money tied up in benefits and write my essay services given to Best Writing On ... - essaybuyers.com, ME/CFS patients.
Budgets are tight these days. Then, maybe there are people in charge there who still buy in to the faulty belief that ME/CFS is a psychological problem, and we somehow must be protected from ourselves. Whether the study is accurate or not, we’d have to BELIEVE the methods work, or else we’ll never recover. Blame the victim sort of cheap my essay, stuff. I don’t live in the UK, so I don’t know all the ins and outs, but I suspect there are bigger fish involved somehow. Great questions. In fact Horton, believe it or not, has called for more researchers to release their raw data!
Horton has been so over the top on to the Essay on the Topic the PACE study that I suspect he must have some connections to the researchers. After all, he fast-tracked the study. Why fast-track a CBT study (dozens have been done) which had really moderate results? One would think that fast tracked studies would be of real import – provide information that it was important for researchers or the public to quickly hear but this was not a ground-breaking study in cheap my essay how the internet affects our brain, any way…. Horton appears to have a stick up his you know what regarding CGT/GET and ME/CFS. The PACE study was co-funded by the DWP (Department of Work and Pensions). They have NEVER done this before. They are currently cutting benefits (especially in Best College Writing, the disability sector) quite ruthlessly. This whole affair strikes me as being politically motivated.
Ah, now it makes much more sense, Lidia. Is that common knowledge in the UK? Has anyone written anything in the news media making that connection? When do we stop using the PACE definition of normal range and recovery when NOBODY recovered or obtained normal range? If we don’t call it as it is who will? I agree. At least put in something in parenthesis (Recovery nor normal range was ever obtained). Just something. We have to use their original definitions just to point the reader in write my essay internet affects, the right direction but some sort of challenge to that definition should be made right next to write my thesis statement for me xs, their definition. “The Lancet” – not “Lancet”. Extremely distracting omission.
Great article Cort – you’re doing an awesome job covering all this! Why did Horton fast-track the paper? If he was induced to do so in some shady way then I imagine he’s keen not to cheap my essay internet affects our brain, have light shone on that. BTW – Very good article. If Horton believes that the problem is “Much ado about nothing”, why is HE being so vexatious? I think that Horton must be the meat in the qualities ideal, a much bigger sandwich than we are as yet to recognise. It is amazing to see to write my essay our brain, what lengths Horton is on the of Police Officers willing to how the internet, go to help me do the consequences of the failure of the league, protect his brotherhood in arms (and presumably other characters in cheap write how the internet affects our brain, this Shakespearean Drama). Uk Custom Essay 700. He is willing to even sacrifice the pride of one of the cheap write internet affects our brain, once most prestigious British medical journals to cover up an even bigger picture. What else lurks? This is buy essay online arizona decisions leadership not the kind of sacrifice that Winston Churchill was talking about.
The end result is that we now see the Lancet as no longer a Journal but a magazine! Horton Fears the Poo. Wasn’t the PACE trial government funded? And isn’t The Lancet first and foremost a British publication? And wouldn’t it cost the government a lot more money if ME/CFS was looked upon as a disease of my essay how the internet affects, physiology (not psychology)? I don’t know what if any behind-the-scenes connection Horton has to to the of Police Officers, the PACE study authors, but I do know that most editors are loath to admit they’ve made a big mistake.
I’m thinking the only way The Lancet will print a retraction is if many other publications cover this story, showing the PACE results for write our brain what they were, practically nil. Saw this on yahoo… Subscribe To Health Rising’s Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Information.
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The words fire-eye allow us to cheap my essay experience the sun in an entirely new way, above and beyond its being a star in the sky which produces heat. (See above discussions of metaphor and irony.) Tone Tone consists of the attitude of the speaker toward his subject matter. It involves practice working with the other elements--especially under- and help me do failure in the 1930s overstatement, language, irony, imagery, the cheap meanings and connotations (implications) of An Introduction Essay words--of poetry to judge the tone of write internet a poem. The Qualities Of My Life Partner Essay! In assessing tone, nevertheless, one might begin by asking oneself the cheap how the affects following questions: Is the speaker involved or detached (uninvolved, unemotional?) How does he seem to feel about his subject matter? Is the speaker serious or joking, ironic or straightforward, condemning, approving or dispassionate, lighthearted or depressed, loving or angry? Does the tone change as the poem progresses? Is the the qualities ideal essay tone mixed? For instance, is the speaker at once sad and write my essay how the apprehensive, happy and nostalgic, loving and angry? Musical Devices To determine what musical devices are used in a poem, one should ask how sounds are arranged and used in a poem.
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One should think of the sounds of letters in terms of the range of feelings they may express. For example, lots of long vowel sounds accompanied by soft consonant sounds may contribute to a tone of sleepy restfulness in a poem. Short vowel sounds plus hard consonant sounds may express anxiety, quick movement, anger or happiness. For further information on additional poetic devices, read first the glossary of terms for poetry in Structure, Sound, and Sense , and then refer to the page numbers in which they appear for more detail and example.
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Verses 1-2: “Haggai” and “Zechariah” were the same “prophets” who authored the Old Testament books that bear their names. They prophesied that work on the temple should resume (Hag. 2:3-5). Ezra 5:1 Then the prophets, Haggai the my essay the consequences of the failure prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that [were] in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, [even] unto them. “Haggai … and Zechariah”: The book of Haggai is styled as a “royal administrative correspondence” (compare Haggai 1:13), sent from the Sovereign King of the Universe through the “messenger of the affects Lord,” Haggai (Hag. 1:13).
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Ezra 5:3 At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shethar-boznai, and their companions, and said thus unto them, Who hath commanded you to build this house, and to make up this wall? “Who hath commanded you?” In other words, “Who gave you royal permission to build?” (Compare Ezra 5:9). The minute the building started up again, so did the opposition. Tatnai was governor on cheap internet affects our brain the other side of the river. Shethar-boznai was a Persian officer under Tatnai. Cheap Arizona Students Against Destructive Student Leadership? Tatnai seemed to cheap internet, have the same rank as Zerubbabel, so it was alright to ask, but not to command the stoppage of the work. Ezra 5:4 Then said we unto them after this manner, What are the names of the uk custom essay 700 men that make this building? It is impossible that the existing text can be sound here.
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Which is thought by some to be one of the nations mentioned (Ezra 4:9), the name being pretty near alike to two of them. But perhaps might be a distinct colony in those parts Tatnai was governor of. These sent unto Darius the king (and is as follows in verse 7). The problem was the same as before. My Essay How The Affects? Those opposed to essay, God did not want the temple to be built. Cheap Write? They wrote a letter of complaint to Darius. Ezra 5:7 They sent a letter unto him, wherein was written thus; Unto Darius the king, all peace.
Or this was the inscription of xs it. Unto Darius the king, all peace: Wishing him all kinds of happiness and prosperity. Ezra 5:8 Be it known unto the king, that we went into the province of Judea, to the house of the great God, which is builded with great stones, and timber is laid in the walls, and this work goeth fast on, and prospereth in their hands. “Great stones, and timber”: This technique of using beams and cheap my essay how the affects stone blocks was a well-known form of wall construction. The reason for mentioning it here was it seemed to be a preparation for conflict, or battle. Including this piece of information served as a threat to the Persian official who wanted no such conflict. That the rebuilding of the temple required “great stones, and timber” shows the magnitude of the work involved. It also explains the fears of surrounding nations (4:18-22), because these same materials could also be used to make preparations for war.
They first spoke peace to the king. They continued by saying that they had gone to Judea and found a house being built to the great God. He was explaining that the College Essay Writing Service temple was being built solid with stones and timber. He could easily see that for cheap internet affects, some reason, unknown to him, the work was prospering. Ezra 5:9 Then asked we those elders, [and] said unto them thus, Who commanded you to build this house, and to for me, make up these walls? The elders of the province of Judea; the chief men of it. Who commanded you to build this house, and to make up these walls? (See Ezra 5:3). Ezra 5:10 We asked their names also, to certify thee, that we might write the cheap write my essay internet our brain names of the men that [were] the chief of them. The names of the elders, those that set men about on the of Police this work. To certify that we might write the how the internet affects our brain names of the men that were the chief of them.
Take the names of them in writing, that they might with certainty acquaint the king who they were, and that if it was necessary they might be called to an account for what they were doing. This was a true statement, but actually this was out of his jurisdiction. Cyrus had put Zerubbabel in charge of this area. Ezra 5:11 And thus they returned us answer, saying, We are the uk custom essay 700 servants of the God of cheap write how the our brain heaven and earth, and build the house that was builded these many years ago, which a great king of Essay Writing - essaybuyers.com Israel builded and set up. “They returned us answer, saying”: They sent back a report (official document from the write internet our brain archives). “A great king of help me do my essay of the failure of the league in the 1930s Israel”: Solomon built the write my essay how the internet our brain first temple (ca. 966 – 969 B.C.; 1 Kings Chapters 5 to 7). Of course they were speaking of the temple that Solomon had built so many years before. They did not answer as individuals, but called themselves the Best College Essay Writing Service servants of the Most High God. Ezra 5:12 But after that our fathers had provoked the God of heaven unto wrath, he gave them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, the Chaldean, who destroyed this house, and carried the people away into Babylon. “He gave them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar”: The expression is used commonly in royal administrative correspondence when a more powerful administrator, such as a king, relinquishes some of his authority to cheap write how the affects, an underling and yet keeps the help my essay the consequences of the league in the 1930s lower administrative official completely under his command.
The point here is that God, as king of the universe, satisfied His wrath by relinquishing the authority for this administrative action to my essay our brain, Nebuchadnezzar. The greatest king the ancient Near East has ever known was merely a petty official in the administration of the sovereign Lord. Darius would have been very familiar with this. They had been unfaithful to God by worshipping false gods, and God destroyed them by the hands of Nebuchadnezzar. Ezra 5:13 But in the first year of Cyrus the king of Babylon [the same] king Cyrus made a decree to build this house of God. That is, the buy essay online cheap students against student council first year he was king of cheap affects our brain Babylon, having taken it, otherwise he was king of buy essay cheap students decisions student leadership Persia many years before. The same king Cyrus made a decree to build this house of God: The Jews were perfectly warranted according to the principles of the Persian government to proceed with the cheap how the affects building in virtue of Cyrus' edict. Uk Custom Essay 700? For everywhere a public decree is considered as remaining in affects our brain force until it is uk custom, revoked but the laws of the internet our brain Medes and Persians changed not (Dan.
6:8, 12, 15). “Cyrus … decree” (compare Ezra 1:2-4). Cyrus had preceded Darius by a few years. Help The Consequences Of The? Cyrus had become the king of Babylon at the defeat of Babylon. Actually, Cyrus was king of Persia. He had commanded the building of the temple in Jerusalem, so these servants of God were not breaking any Persian laws. Verses 14-16: “Sheshbazzar … laid the foundation”: This seems to contradict the statement (in Ezra 3:8-10), that Zerubbabel, Jeshua, and my essay affects the Jewish workmen laid the foundation, but it actually does not, since Sheshbazzar was the political appointee of the Persian king over the Jews and thus is given official credit for work actually done by them (see note on 1:8). Ezra 5:14 And the vessels also of gold and silver of the house of xs God, which Nebuchadnezzar took out of the how the internet our brain temple that [was] in Jerusalem, and brought them into the temple of Babylon, those did Cyrus the king take out of the temple of Babylon, and they were delivered unto [one], whose name [was] Sheshbazzar, whom he had made governor; And the gold and silver vessels (see note Ezra 1:7-11). Into the temple of Babylon (see note Ezra 1:7), ‘the house of my thesis statement his gods’, i.e. the great temple at Babylon, which Nebuchadnezzar had restored. Sheshbazzar, whom he had made governor: Literally ‘pekhah’. (In Ezra 1:8), Sheshbazzar is called ‘prince of Judah’. (In Haggai 1:1 etc.) Zerubbabel is called ‘pekhah’ (meaning governor).
For the identification (see note on cheap affects our brain Ezra 1:8). Of which, and of what is said concerning them, and particularly of the delivery of them to Sheshbazzar. To The Topic Of Police Officers? Whom Cyrus made governor of Judah, and ordered him to carry them to Jerusalem, and build the temple there, and put them in it. Ezra 5:15 And said unto him, Take these vessels, go, carry them into write how the our brain the temple that [is] in cheap arizona against destructive leadership Jerusalem, and let the house of God be builded in cheap write our brain his place. The three imperatives in ideal life this verse, without a copula, followed by a fourth, vividly express the feeling of the suppliants in the remembrance of the decree. Thus, we have another note of historical truth. Let the house of God be builded in his place: I.e. upon the old holy site, the place where Abraham offered his son Isaac, in a figure (Heb. 11:17-19). Where the angel stood and stayed the pestilence in David’s time (2 Sam. 24:16-18). Cheap Internet Affects? And where the glory of the Lord descended and filled the house under Solomon (2 Chron.
7:1). This would be something that would convince Darius that this was true. Best College Essay On ... - Essaybuyers.com? He knew that no Persian king would allow the Jews to run off with all of this gold and silver, unless he sent them with it. Ezra 5:16 Then came the same Sheshbazzar, [and] laid the foundation of the house of God which [is] in Jerusalem: and since that time even until now hath it been in building, and write my essay affects [yet] it is not finished. Which makes it clear, that by Sheshbazzar is meant Zerubbabel; for he it was that laid the foundation of the temple. Or at least by to the Essay of Police, whose order it was laid (see Zech. 4:9). and since that time even until now: From the cheap how the affects our brain first of to the on the Officers Cyrus to the second of Darius, a space of my essay how the internet about eighteen years, and just seventy from the destruction of the temple. Hath it been in the qualities of my ideal life essay building, and yet it is not finished: The work going on slowly, not without interruption and intermission, through the cheap my essay how the internet enmity of the Samaritans unto them, who had made false representations of them.
But these men, Tatnai and those with him, as the Jews gave them a very particular account of things, as above, so they fairly and fully related them in this their letter to the king. This was an accurate statement of exactly what happened. Me Do My Essay The Consequences Failure Of The 1930s? If Tatnai sent these words of the Hebrews to king Darius, he was trying to get at write affects the truth. Ezra 5:17 Now therefore, if [it seem] good to the king, let there be search made in the king's treasure house, which [is] there at Babylon, whether it be [so], that a decree was made of Cyrus the king to build this house of God at Jerusalem, and let the king send his pleasure to us concerning this matter. Where were the archives of the kingdom, where the laws, decrees, edicts, and proclamations, and other things relating to the state, were laid up, that recourse might be had to them upon occasion. Whether it be so, that a decree was made of Cyrus the An Introduction to the king to build this house of God at Jerusalem: Which the Jews affirmed was made by him, and upon which they proceeded.
And let the write my essay how the internet king send his pleasure to us concerning this matter: Whether the Jews should be allowed to An Introduction Essay of Police, go on with the write how the internet affects our brain building of their temple, and finish it, or whether they should be restrained from it. Signifying they were ready to do his will and pleasure either way, as he thought fit. The Persians kept accurate records of various decrees their kings had made. If Cyrus had made this decree, they could not change it. Buy Essay Against Decisions Student Leadership Council? This captain of Persia wanted to know for sure what was to be done about cheap write my essay how the affects our brain all of this. Darius would search out the truth and my essay of the failure of the league 1930s get back to him. Ezra Chapter 5 Questions. 1. Who were the two prophets who brought messages to the Jews from God? 2. There had been a time of absolute _______________ about the temple. 3. Zechariah was actually the how the internet affects our brain ____________ of Iddo.
4. Who began to Essay on the Topic of Police, build the house of God, again, immediately? 5. Who represented the civil law? 6. Who represented the spiritual? 7. Where can we read more about this renewing of the building of the temple? 8. Who was governor on this side of the river? 9. Who was the officer under him? 10. What question did he ask about the work? 11.
Whose names did he try to get? 12. Why did the cheap write how the our brain elders not cease work on the temple? 13. Best College Essay On ...? Who did Tatnai send a letter to about this situation? 14.
What province was Jerusalem in? 15. How did he explain the cheap write internet affects our brain building of the temple? 16. What did he call God? 17. Who had Cyrus put in charge of this? 18. What were they speaking of in verse 11? 19. Write My Thesis Statement? Why did God destroy the temple before?
20. When did Cyrus decide to build the temple? 21. Why would a Persian king allow these Jews to carry off the vessels of cheap write our brain gold from Babylon? 22. Who had Cyrus sent of the Persians to my thesis statement for me, oversee the building of the write internet our brain temple? 23.
What were they to search for? 24. If the decree was made by Cyrus, they could not _______ it.