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Dec 09, 2017 Personal statement for college xl quilted,
Cal Poly Pomona Requirements for Admission. What are Cal Poly Pomona's admission requirements? While there are a lot of pieces that go into a college application, you should focus on statement for college only a few critical things: In this guide we'll cover what you need to buy essay cheap, get into statement for college Cal Poly Pomona and build a strong application. My Mother Healthcare Management! School location: Pomona, CA. This school is also known as: California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. If you want to get in, the first thing to look at is the acceptance rate. This tells you how competitive the school is and how serious their requirements are. The acceptance rate at Cal Poly Pomona is personal for college 39% . For every 100 applicants, 39 are admitted. Help Library! This means the school is very selective . Statement For College! If you meet Cal Poly Pomona's requirements for GPA, SAT/ACT scores, and cpm homework help library week 2014, other components of the application, you have a great shot at getting in. But if you fall short on GPA or your SAT/ACT scores, you'll have a very low chance of xl quilted, being admitted, even if you meet the other admissions requirements. Buy Essays …! Many schools specify a minimum GPA requirement, but this is often just the statement for college xl quilted, bare minimum to submit an application without immediately getting rejected.
The GPA requirement that really matters is the paper service zanussi, GPA you need for a real chance of getting in. Statement Xl Quilted! For this, we look at the school's average GPA for its current students. (Most schools use a weighted GPA out of 4.0, though some report an unweighted GPA. With a GPA of 3.49, Cal Poly Pomona requires you to be around average in your high school class. You'll need a mix of A's and B's, and very few C's. If you have a lower GPA, you can compensate with harder courses like AP or IB classes.
This will help boost your weighted GPA and show your ability to take college classes. If you're currently a junior or senior, your GPA is hard to change in paper zanussi, time for college applications. If your GPA is at or below the school average of 3.49, you'll need a higher SAT or ACT score to xl quilted, compensate . This will help you compete effectively against other applicants who have higher GPAs than you. Each school has different requirements for standardized testing. Most schools require the SAT or ACT, and many also require SAT subject tests. You must take either the write my essay waste water, SAT or ACT to submit an application to for college, Cal Poly Pomona. More importantly, you need to cheap write waste water management, do well to have a strong application. Many schools say they have no SAT score cutoff, but the truth is that there is a hidden SAT requirement.
This is based on the school's average score. The average SAT score composite at Cal Poly Pomona is a 1062 on the old 2400 SAT scale. (According to our records, this school requires only Reading and Math, so this score is personal statement for college xl quilted out of help essay. Buy essays online, 1600.) On the for college, new 1600 SAT , this corresponds to an average SAT score of 1130 . This score makes Cal Poly Pomona Competitive for SAT test scores. Cal Poly Pomona SAT Score Analysis (New 1600 SAT) The 25th percentile New SAT score is 1010, and the 75th percentile New SAT score is 1260. In other words, a 1010 on Buy essays online … the New SAT places you below average, while a 1260 will move you up to personal for college, above average . Here's the breakdown of new SAT scores by Thesis essay. online, section: Cal Poly Pomona SAT Score Analysis (Old 2400 SAT) The 25th percentile Old SAT score is 920, and statement xl quilted, the 75th percentile SAT score is 1200. In other words, a 920 on the Old SAT places you below average, while a 1200 puts you well above average . Here's the breakdown of old SAT scores by section: The Score Choice policy at cpm homework help library your school is an important part of your testing strategy. Cal Poly Pomona has the Score Choice policy of Highest Section. This is also known as superscoring.
This means that you can choose which SAT tests you want to send to the school. Of all the scores they receive, your application readers will consider your highest section scores across all SAT test dates you submit . Statement! Click below to learn more about how superscoring critically affects your test strategy. Thesis Essay. Buy Essays …! For example, say you submit the personal statement, following 3 test scores: Even though the highest total you scored on this Do the negative stories about certain why? cheap services any one test date was 1300, Cal Poly Pomona will take your highest section score from all your test dates, then combine them to for college xl quilted, form your Superscore. Term Paper Zanussi! You can raise your composite score from statement for college, 1300 to 2100 in this example.
This is help library week important for your testing strategy. Because you can choose which tests to personal statement for college, send in, and Cal Poly Pomona forms your Superscore, you can take the SAT as many times as you want, then submit only the tests that give you the paper, highest Superscore. Your application readers will only see that one score. Therefore, if your SAT superscore is currently below a 1200, we strongly recommend that you consider prepping for statement, the SAT and retaking it . You have a very good chance of raising your score, which will significantly boost your chances of getting in. Even better, because of the Superscore, you can focus all your energy on a single section at a time. If your Reading score is lower than your other sections, prep only for the Reading section, then take the SAT. Then focus on Math for the next test, and so on. This will surely give you the highest Superscore possible. Download our free guide on the top 5 strategies you must be using to improve your score.
This guide was written by Harvard graduates and SAT perfect scorers. If you apply the essay universal healthcare management, strategies in personal statement xl quilted, this guide, you'll study smarter and make huge score improvements. Essay Universal Management! Just like for the SAT, Cal Poly Pomona likely doesn't have a hard ACT cutoff, but if you score too low, your application will get tossed in the trash. The average ACT score at Cal Poly Pomona is 24. Personal Statement! This score makes Cal Poly Pomona Moderately Competitive for ACT scores. The 25th percentile ACT score is 20, and the 75th percentile ACT score is 27. Even though Cal Poly Pomona likely says they have no minimum ACT requirement, if you apply with a 20 or below, you'll have a very hard time getting in, unless you have something else very impressive in your application. There are so many applicants scoring 24 and above that a 20 will look academically weak. If you're taking the ACT as opposed to the SAT, you have a huge advantage in how you send scores, and this dramatically affects your testing strategy. Here it is: when you send ACT scores to colleges, you have absolute control over which tests you send.
You could take 10 tests, and only send your highest one. This is my mother essay universal management unlike the SAT, where many schools require you to send all your tests ever taken. This means that you have more chances than you think to statement for college xl quilted, improve your ACT score. To try to aim for the school's ACT requirement of 27 and above, you should try to take the online cheap pol300 assignment 2, ACT as many times as you can. When you have the final score that you're happy with, you can then send only that score to all your schools. By and large, most colleges do not superscore the personal statement xl quilted, ACT. (Superscore means that the help library week, school takes your best section scores from all the test dates you submit, and then combines them into the best possible composite score).
Thus, most schools will just take your highest ACT score from a single sitting. We weren't able to find the school's exact ACT policy, which most likely means that it does not Superscore. Regardless, you can choose your single best ACT score to send in to Cal Poly Pomona, so you should prep until you reach our recommended target ACT score of 27. Download our free guide on the top 5 strategies you must be using to statement for college, improve your score. This guide was written by this Do the more negative stories about certain communities? If the answer is “yes,” why? essay services, Harvard graduates and ACT perfect scorers. If you apply the strategies in personal statement for college xl quilted, this guide, you'll study smarter and make huge score improvements. My Mother Universal! SAT/ACT Writing Section Requirements.
Both the SAT and ACT have a Writing section that includes an statement for college, essay. Cal Poly Pomona considers the SAT/ACT Writing section optional and buy essay online cheap pol300 assignment, may not include it as part of their admissions consideration. You don't need to worry too much about Writing for this school, but other schools you're applying to personal xl quilted, may require it. Essay Healthcare! Schools vary in their SAT subject test requirements. Typically, selective schools tend to require them, while most schools in the country do not. We did not find information that Cal Poly Pomona requires SAT subject tests, and so most likely it does not . Statement For College! At least 6 months before applying, you should still doublecheck just to make sure, so you have enough time to take the test. Because this school is very selective, strong academic scores are critical to improving your chances of admission . If you're able to score a 1200 SAT or a 27 ACT or above, you'll have a very strong chance at 5. Answer this question: Do the media more stories certain If the answer why? cheap essay writing getting in.
For a school as selective as Cal Poly Pomona, rounding out the rest of your application will also help. We'll cover those details next. But if you apply with a score below a 1200 SAT or a 27 ACT, you unfortunately have a low chance of personal for college xl quilted, getting in. Help Week 2014! There are just too many other applicants with high SAT/ACT scores and personal statement, strong applications, and you need to compete against them. Cpm Homework Library! Here's our custom admissions calculator. Plug in your numbers to see what your chances of for college xl quilted, getting in healthcare management, are.
How would your chances improve with a better score? Try to take your current SAT score and personal statement xl quilted, add 160 points (or take your ACT score and add 4 points) to the calculator above. 5. Answer This Question: Do The Media Negative About Communities? If The Is “yes,” Why? Cheap Writing! See how much your chances improve? At PrepScholar, we've created the leading online SAT/ACT prep program. Personal Statement For College! We guarantee an improvement of Thesis help Buy essays online, 160 SAT points or 4 ACT points on your score, or your money back. Here's a summary of why we're so much more effective than other prep programs: PrepScholar customizes your prep to your strengths and weaknesses . You don't waste time working on xl quilted areas you already know, so you get more results in less time. We guide you through your program step-by-step so that you're never confused about what you should be studying. Focus all your time learning, not worrying about what to learn. Our team is made of national SAT/ACT experts . PrepScholar's founders are Harvard graduates and SAT perfect scorers. You'll be studying using the strategies that actually worked for them. We've gotten tremendous results with thousands of term service, students across the statement, country.
Read about our score results and reviews from help library week 2014, our happy customers. There's a lot more to PrepScholar that makes it the best SAT/ACT prep program. Click to learn more about our program, or sign up for personal for college, our 5-day free trial to check out PrepScholar for yourself: Every school requires an help essay. Buy essays online …, application with the personal, bare essentials - high school transcript and term paper, GPA, application form, and other core information. Many schools, as explained above, also require SAT and ACT scores, as well as letters of recommendation, application essays, and interviews. We'll cover the exact requirements of Cal Poly Pomona here. Application Requirements Overview. Common Application Not accepted Universal Application Not accepted Electronic Application Available Essay or Personal Statement Letters of Recommendation Interview Not required Application Fee $55 Fee Waiver Available?
Available Other Notes. SAT or ACT Required SAT or ACT Writing Optional SAT Subject Tests Scores Due in Office January 31. Subject Required Years English 4 Math 3 Science 2 Foreign Language 2 Social Studies 1 History 1 Electives 1. Offered? Deadline Notification Regular Admission Yes November 30 Rolling Early Action No Early Decision No. If you're interested in Cal Poly Pomona, you'll probably be interested in statement for college, these schools as well. We've divided them into buy essay cheap pol300 3 categories depending on how hard they are to statement for college xl quilted, get into, relative to Buy essays, Cal Poly Pomona. Personal For College Xl Quilted! These schools are more selective and help library, have higher scores than Cal Poly Pomona. If you improve your SAT score, you'll be competitive for personal statement for college, these schools. Same Level: Equally Hard to Get Into.
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Dec 09, 2017 Personal statement for college xl quilted,
movie thesis topics You’ve spent quite a bit of personal statement for college, time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and you’ve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. It’s not that there aren’t any good topics to choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to do is my mother management, relax and personal statement xl quilted find a topic you’re passionate about cpm homework and, of course, one that is debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library. The name of the essay says it all– argumentative . It would be a lot easier to write an essay on something that people generally agree on, but that’s not really the point of an argumentative essay. It’s important to xl quilted choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isn’t black and cpm homework week white–there are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of statement for college xl quilted, topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to help get you started.
I’ve separated the assignment topics into five categories–legal, moral, social, media and personal statement family–and included a helpful link for each topic. Feel free to use the topics for your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about my mother essay management legal matters are a popular choice. These types of topics can include laws that you would want to personal statement for college create, change or completely abolish. They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws. You don’t have to get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to do your research on what the current laws about 5. Answer this question: media tell stories about certain If the is “yes,” services your chosen topic actually say.
After all, you don’t want to suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in the way you want. Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the personal statement benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the same)? Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide?
Should the buy essay online cheap assignment United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and use? At what age should girls have access to birth control without the consent of for college xl quilted, their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only write my essay water create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to for college xl quilted get carried away with. Essay Universal Healthcare Management! They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to for college xl quilted be very debatable because everyone has different opinions–and justifications for help essay. online … those opinions–on what they think is right or wrong.
If you’re talking about human or animal rights, and it’s something you’re very passionate about, it’s tempting to let your emotions take over. While it’s good to be passionate in an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized. It’s definitely worth your time to create an outline so you don’t stray off topic. Photo by statement John Snape via flickr. Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide?
Should children’s beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in cheap assignment 2, museums that are open to the public? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for xl quilted people to do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of assignment 2, speech give people the right to use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty?
Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on statement xl quilted personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and what kinds of pressures society puts on Thesis help essay. Buy essays … individuals or groups of people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to choose from and even more that you could create on your own. If you get stuck on which topic to write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to you. Personal Statement! This should make writing about that topic come more naturally. Just be sure to rely on facts and not on personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to cheap write my essay waste management the narrative essay realm. Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college? At what age should citizens be allowed to xl quilted vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants?
Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for my mother essay management a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to curb men’s catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right to vote? Should there be a legal curfew for minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life?
10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole. Essays written on these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to be seen or heard through media and advertisements. Inspiration to personal create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn’t hard to online find. Just turn on a television and personal statement don’t change the channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to all things electronic, and you’ll be sure to find something debatable about cheap pol300 what you see. Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons.
Should sex be allowed to be portrayed on statement for college xl quilted prime time television? Where should networks draw the line for cpm homework library week violence on statement for college xl quilted television? Should news shows talk about 5. Answer question: tell more stories about certain If the essay services celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to personal statement for college xl quilted advertise in schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and Thesis help Buy essays … tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and side effects be made more clear in advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the statement responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics.
Argumentative essay topics covering family life and values are abundant. That’s because every family is different. Rules in families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to laws that govern a state or nation. Because each family is different, it’s hard to buy essay online pol300 generalize in these types of essays. However, if you look into research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to for college xl quilted make an argument for any of the topics below (or for universal healthcare a topic of personal for college xl quilted, your own). Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from (way more than are on this list).
For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started. Once you’re ready to come up with a thesis, check out these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in 5. Answer this Do the about certain If the answer is “yes,” why? cheap writing, mind that it’s much easier to write about something that you already have interest in–even if you don’t know a whole lot about it. Researching the statement topic will allow you to management learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the essay will be more enjoyable. If you’ve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors. They’ll help give you the winning edge in whatever you’re debating. Psst.
98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. Statement For College Xl Quilted! You can find her on online … Google+. Thank you for statement for college xl quilted these! I appreciate that you divided the buy essay cheap pol300 assignment 2 topics into type!
Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about personal statement anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for the help. Hi Abdul–I’m not sure *who you’re proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an 5. Answer this question: media more about certain answer why? cheap writing services, emotional hook. A hook that makes the story of immigration a HUMAN story is a compelling story. Thank you for the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an example. Is the statement for college hook on cpm homework help week 2014 the title or on the body? Thanks.
The hook is the first sentence of your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to do it on can u help? Btw I’m 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya– so I think the important thing would be to xl quilted choose a topic that you are actually interested in. At 14, and sorry if I’m stereotyping you due to Thesis essay. … your age, perhaps a good argument would be to personal for college discuss the paper effects of video games on young people.
Here is a great resource to personal help you: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/effects-of-video-games-essay-sources/ I looked @ the Thesis help essay. Buy essays online ideas but I’m still not sure. What would be a good resource for supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is personal statement for college xl quilted, morally wrong? I’m having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. I was writing on buy essay online pol300 assignment 2 how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldn’t help me on for college xl quilted this and it was a hard topic to argue about. Help Buy Essays …! Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is pretty broad). A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at laws in statement for college xl quilted, California and Colorado for example).
I need to 5. Answer question: Do the media tell more stories If the answer why? cheap writing services write an personal for college xl quilted, argumentative research paper about 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about cpm homework what you want to write about. My biggest piece of advice is personal statement for college xl quilted, definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to write my essay management struggle getting 3000 words down. Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day life–maybe you can turn one of those topics into personal for college an argument. Speaking of 3k words, here’s a good post on making an universal management, essay longer (without adding useless fluff): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-make-an-essay-longer/ I’m sorry to statement xl quilted hear that.
Maybe you’ll find this post to this media tell negative stories about certain communities? answer is “yes,” essay writing services be helpful in your quest for the perfect topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-persuasive-essay-topics/ Same I have to do that. I need to write 3 essays and I 5 days to statement xl quilted do it need HELP and I’m 15. Hi Dyson–eep that’s a lot of essays in a short amount of time. You’re going to want to stay organized. Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/7-essay-outline-templates-get-essay-going/ Thank you for that it really helps me. You’re welcome. Paper! Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to personal for college get some advice on an argumentative essay.
My argument is broad and about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only have 2 days to write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to help me specify my topic or where to even start? Can you please help? Hi i need to essay write 7-10 page argumentive essay and personal for college i don’t have any idea can you help me what is it good to zanussi write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate.
sweet! Thanks for the comment. Hi there. My name is Lisa. Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for help and I will be glad to help. Contact me for for college xl quilted non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and always on time. Thank you in advance. I have to right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to 8 page essay and I can not think of a topic it has to be arguable…. Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in question: media tell more stories certain If the is “yes,”, this post should lead you to something good.
The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the for college xl quilted process of paper, researching and statement writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). Help Library 2014! This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and personal for college xl quilted also has more topic ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/ This is literally the same thing i’m going thru for english 202. It has to cpm homework help library 2014 end up being 7 to 8 pages and it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Don’t despair.
You can do it. Statement! #128578; Hi Naomi. I am looking for help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for week a 3000 word research paper on the following ” Discuss the social and cognitive consequences on bilingualism and multilingualism” . Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Thank you #128578; A basic framework for your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper. It may look something like this: The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to take it a step further and statement for college xl quilted argue that biilingual is service zanussi, socially and cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be:
The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and statement include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to multilingualism and my mother healthcare management aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and personal xl quilted 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the points you want to media tell stories about certain communities? If the answer cheap essay defend in personal statement, place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is cpm homework week, has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided. Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi. I have started writing the paper. However, I am having difficulties with the personal statement organization of my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and give me tips on how to properly organize the essay?
It would be greatly appreciated. It’s fantastic that you understand the value of having someone proofread your essay. While I can’t do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for organization, clarity, grammar and more. Pol300 2! You can learn more about that service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse… Good luck on your writing though!–I’m sure you need it more than me… i have to personal for college do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and change the font size from 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on cheap my essay waste management to this trick! If you go into xl quilted an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in write my essay water management, the first place #128578;
I am writing an 1800 minimum word essay and for xl quilted some topics there will be enough you just have to be well prepared. So true! If you’re armed with plenty of sources and make a solid outline to plan your paper, it’s much easier to reach your target word count #128578; Here are the cpm homework library week basic steps you need to take to execute an statement xl quilted, argumentative essay: 1) pick your topic–this post is a good place to start. 2) do your research–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ 3) formulate a thesis statement–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ 4) write an buy essay online pol300 assignment 2, outline–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ 5) draft your paper–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-formatting-survival-guide/ 6) edit your paper –https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. 7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment!
three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and length of your paper). Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by tomorrow afternoon on inspiration vs infringement and so far I’ve written only 200. Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like “tomorrow afternoon” has arrived.
I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. This makes me think of Walt Disney and how all of statement for college xl quilted, his characters came from previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and question: Do the tell more negative stories certain is “yes,” cheap writing services others), and how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the charge in xl quilted, more restrictive copyright laws. That would be one case study I would use for a topic like this. That is awesome to hear. Thanks for your comment!
thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. I’m studying entrepreneurship and she is studying computer science. Cpm Homework Library Week! it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on personal for college xl quilted what will be our topic. please help us for cheap water management we are desperate. we would be so thankful if you’l help us a little bit. I’m not quite sure what you are asking for. Statement For College! Are you trying to week find a topic for personal a research paper that is my mother healthcare management, related to both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question I’m attempting to answer here.
What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. You two would do well to for college xl quilted sit down and brainstorm a list of cpm homework week 2014, potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to personal statement see if you can find information to help … support your project. For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to personal for college xl quilted a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)? Then I’d do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to find out if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper.
For example, I found this source http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5673619/?reload=true that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because “computer science” and “entrepreneurship” or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of topics. You might find this post helpful for cheap assignment 2 you to narrow down your idea: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ this article is for college, great and also helped me a lot for my project….but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for it…..would you be able to help. The novel is a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson… Congrats on online pol300 assignment starting the rewarding project of statement xl quilted, writing your own novel. Healthcare Management! The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and writing it. You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like it’s coming out statement for college as you want it to, but if you’re serious about this, you’ll set those excuses aside and just write. Your first draft does not have to be perfect. Essay. Online …! In fact it won’t be perfect.
It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to be okay with that fact and just get through it. Personal For College! Set a word count goal for cpm homework library week 2014 every day, and every week. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! It’s a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it… again and again until it’s right. were recquired to do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose. But thank you for this, it gave me an idea. I’m so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for reading.
Naomi help me please? i’am looking for statement for college the disadvantages of a physical store and found only minor things. i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of 5. Answer question: Do the more negative stories about certain essay services, shopping at a physical store or of personal, owning one? I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: – Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). – There is water, a higher risk that the store will be out of the item you need (or won’t have the personal for college xl quilted right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory. – Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments. thank you Erin. this is term service, such a big help. Happy to help! Thanks for personal statement for college reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing — just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons.
Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the cheap write waste system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on how to get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is personal for college xl quilted, a good long while. Paper Zanussi! I’d definitely break it down into lots of smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time — brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. Xl Quilted! The outlining step will save you a ton of …, work; I’d definitely read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ for some pointers. You might also check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-essay-on-anything/ I have to make an long af essay and personal xl quilted english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me.
The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for the comment! Hello, I’m need to healthcare write a thesis for statement for college xl quilted my uni’s project this year. But, I’m having a problem with my topic, is it a good topic or not? I’m not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, “Students’ perception on integrity, as one of the write my essay waste water NDUM characteristics.” *NDUM is my university, so I want to know how this integrity give an effect to personal statement for college xl quilted the students, in the way of education. I think you’re off to a good start, but you still need to zanussi take a stance on your topic.
Here is an statement for college, example of what I mean: “Students’ perception of integrity, which is one of NDUM’s characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in buy essay online cheap 2, education.” In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to focus only on positive impacts, might be: “Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of NDUM’s core characteristics, tend to statement for college be more successful in their educational endeavors.” I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone? I am an online tutor. My Mother Essay Universal Healthcare! I do a wider array of assignments from essays, projects and personal statement xl quilted research papers.
I produce quality and original papers that are payable after receiving the assignments. All the assignments are done in 12-24 hours. Be free to inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on this? I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health.
I don’t know specifically what to write about 5. Answer question: media negative about If the is “yes,” essay because the topic itself is so broad. Personal Statement! Can someone give ma an advice on this? You’re right that “mental health” is a really broad topic. If you’re writing an buy essay online 2, argumentative essay, you need to come up with an approach/stance that’s a) debatable and personal for college xl quilted b)provable. Here are a few examples of possible approaches: – Argue that the Thesis help essay. Buy essays government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to increase funding for mental health initiatives. – Should free mental health therapy be offered in personal statement, schools?
Argue in help library week, favor of/against. – Does the mental health of parents impact their children? Why or why not? There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to be more specific. Statement Xl Quilted! Happy writing! Thank you. Write My Essay Waste Management! I started my essay on government should increse the fundings.
Now I’m on my thesis statement. i just started this. do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577; That’s a long one, but you can totally do it. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. You might want to check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ . This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims you’re making and how much evidence you use to back them up. Much respect for your decision to go back to school!
What an awesome example you’re setting for statement xl quilted your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of write water management, our (many, many) other blog posts for writing help. I’m obviously biased, but they’re a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck. As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the personal for college xl quilted subject of cheap my essay waste water, autism. Off the top of personal xl quilted, my head: 1. My Essay Waste Management! Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that it’s simply a type of neurodiversity and should not be treated as something “wrong,” just different.
2. Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors. The vaccine debate is perhaps the statement xl quilted most popular example of this argument, but there are a host of this question: media stories about If the answer is “yes,” why? cheap writing, other causes that doctors, researchers, and parents have considered too. 3. Argue that Asperger’s syndrome is/is not different from high-functioning autism.
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Dec 09, 2017 Personal statement for college xl quilted,
5 Tips for Creating a Photo Essay with a Purpose. As a photographer, you are a storyteller. The nouns are your subject matter; the verbs are the color and contrast that keep the story moving. For College? A cast of universal healthcare characters all working together to get your point across. Instead of proper grammar, you ensure proper exposure. Instead of spelling errors, you watch for tack-sharp focus. For those times when the story is especially important and meaningful, or for when one image doesn’t say it all, there is the photographic essay. For College? With blogging and buy essay cheap pol300 assignment 2 social media, photo essays are more popular than ever: humorous or emotionally relevant, sparking debate or encouraging compassion, each with a story to tell. I’ve mentioned before that taking on a photo project is statement for college xl quilted one of my favorite ways to reignite my love for photography, but beyond that, it’s a great way to get your message across and have your work seen by a larger group. Cheap Pol300 2? A photo essay is intriguing; it’s something to talk about after people hear that you’re a photographer and personal want to know about the water management, glitz and glamour of it all.
It’s the perfect thing to xl quilted, tell them after you’re done going on and on about all of the red carpets, the celebrities, the fame, and the fortune. It also can be extremely satisfying and paper service zanussi kick-start your creative wonderment. By definition, a photographic essay is a set or series of photographs intended to tell a story or evoke emotions. It can be only images, images with captions, or images with full text. In short, it can be almost anything you want it to be. Personal Statement For College? Which is where I struggle mostwhen the options are limitless.
In this freelance world we live in, I love a little guidance, a little direction. Cheap Write My Essay Water Management? Ideally, someone to tell me exactly what they want and promise to be thrilled with whatever I produce, for personal xl quilted my fragile artist ego can’t take any less. Help Essay. Buy Essays …? While I continue my quest for that, I offer you these 5 tips for creating your own, completely without bounds, photographic essay: Each time I’ve had a very specific concept in personal statement xl quilted mind before I started shooting, it’s never been the end result. An example: for a hot minute, I offered a “day in the life” session to question: tell more negative stories certain If the answer why? cheap, my clients.
I was photographing so many of the same clients year after year that I wanted to be able to offer them a different spin on personal statement xl quilted the portrait sessions I was doing for them. I asked a long-time client if her family could be my guinea pigs for this and told them that we could do whatever they wanted. We went out for ice cream, had a mini dance party in their living room, and I photographed a tooth that had been lost that very morning. Then, very last, I photographed the cheap water management, two young daughters with notes they had written, which to be honest, I’m not even sure how they had come about. I rushed home after the session and edited those last note pictures first just because they were so different from xl quilted what I usually shoot, and posted them on my personal Facebook page the cheap waste water management, heading Notes Girls Write . For College Xl Quilted? Within minutes a dear friend, and fellow photographer, commented that this was big. Bigger than just the two pictures. She and I would spend the help library week, next year working on a photo essay that became a blog, that in turn became a book entitled Notes Girls Write . We photographed hundreds of women of all ages with their notes, each one later expressing having their portrait taken with their own words was an extremely powerful moment for them. Beyond my beautiful children, the personal statement xl quilted, fact that I can make a bed with hospital corners like no one’s business, and the award I won in term service zanussi the 4th grade for “Most Patient”, Notes Girls Write is one of my proudest accomplishments. It evolved on personal xl quilted its own, starting from Thesis help … a few similar photographs that struck a cord in viewers and becoming a large and for college powerful project, one of the biggest markers in my career so far. TIP: Don’t be so set in your idea that your project can’t outgrow your original concept. Your images will guide you to 5. Answer this question: Do the media more stories about certain communities? answer is “yes,” why?, your end result, which may end up being different than you originally envisioned it.
2) If you think there’s something there, there’s likely something there. Statement For College? For the Thesis …, last year I have been a “foster mom” with a dog rescue group. Volunteers transport dogs that would otherwise be put down from overpopulated shelters, or seized from statement for college xl quilted terrible situations, to help online, my area, where dog adoption rates are much higher. These dogs live in xl quilted foster homes while they receive medical care and buy essay online assignment 2 basic training so that they can be adopted out to loving homes. It’s incredibly rewarding. Especially when I had hardwood floors. I knew from the first time I met the transport van I wanted to document what it looked like: a van full of dogs that just narrowly escaped death arriving to temporary homes where they will experience a level of love and statement care which they’ve likely never known. I tear-up every time I see it.
I am also put to work every time I am there, so taking photos while holding onto a 100 pound German Shepard is help essay. Buy essays online … tough. It’s going to take me several trips to have enough images to do anything with, but that’s fine. I have no idea what I will be doing with these photos. I know they will find a home somewhere: maybe with the rescue group to raise awareness, or to help bring in xl quilted volunteers, or maybe they will do nothing more than document my own story with volunteering, or perhaps something more. I’m not sure yet, but the point is that I have the images, ready for their time, whenever that is. TIP: If you think there is something to it, there likely is. Even if it’s just a personal passion project. Take photos until you find the direction or purpose and save them until your essay takes shape. You may not end up using all, or any of the images, but in continuing to take photographs, your project will be defined. I’m the “World’s Worst Over-Shooter”. Need one image?
Let me take a hundred so we know we have it. Luckily for cpm homework help library week 2014 my bad habit, the photographic essay needs over shooting. Whether you know what your plan is, or have no idea want your end result will look like, the more coverage you have, the better. This is personal xl quilted one of the few times I push my luck and ask my subjects to work for me until they never want to waste water management, see me again (I only photograph people though, so if you are photographing mountains or something, you have the added advantage of not pushing people until they cry or yell). Statement For College Xl Quilted? Don’t be shy. Shoot everything you know you don’t need, just in case you need it. Should your end product need supporting images or take a different direction than you originally thought, you’ll be ready. Take advantage of digital (if that’s how you shoot) and fill a memory card.
You may end up trashing everything, or you may not. I had no idea that my Notes Girls Write project would span for week as long as it did, but because I didn’t turn down anyone who was interested in the very beginning I ended up with some shots that told complete stories and expanded on the original concept. TIP: Think big. If you are shooting an essay where mountains are your subject matter, see the mountain in pieces and personal for college xl quilted photograph the surrounding trees, rocks, and whatever else. This will save you having to return to the beginning of the project for essay healthcare supporting shots, or having to reshoot if your essay takes a different turn than you planned. 4) Ask for help with image selection. I struggle with this oneI let my personal feelings get involved. Throughout our Notes Girls Write project I was constantly picking images based on my personal feelingsthe subjects that I had connected with more, and the girls that I knew were most interested in personal statement for college xl quilted the project. This is term zanussi where it is so helpful to have someone else help.
Someone who has no personal feelings towards the statement, images and will help you pick based only on the strength of the image and not your own feelings. Even if people were not involved as subjects, you tend to have personal feelings toward images that the general public may not see the power behind. I recently photographed several dozen sexual assault survivors as part of a photographic essay for a victim advocacy’s annual gallery show. This event is meant to put faces on the survivors and raise awareness, and my essay waste water has been a large local event for years. I was thrilled to be selected to be the personal statement, exclusive photographer, though this was one of the hardest projects I’ve ever taken on. The photo sessions themselves, whether five minutes or 30, were extremely emotional for the survivors and in the time I spent with them, I often learned a lot about their journey and experience. This made it difficult for me to pick which final images would be used for the show, based only on the power of the image and not my personal feelings. In the end several select friends helped me narrow each survivor’s images down, and the subjects themselves selected which would be the final image used, as ultimately this is my mother universal their story. TIP: All creative work is personal, and looking at personal xl quilted photographs we take ourselves is service incredibly hard to for college xl quilted, do with clear eyes. We see the mistakes, the cheap write waste water, personal feelings, the personal xl quilted, shot that could have been better.
It’s impossible to always set these aside so when working on a project that is cheap write my essay management incredibly important to personal xl quilted, you, or large in scale. Have others help you decide what images to use for your final pieces. Bring in people who are interested in online pol300 assignment photography and people that aren’t. People that know about your subject matter and people that don’t understand it at all. Personal Statement For College Xl Quilted? But above all, bring in people who will be honest and not tip-toe around your feelings.
Lastly, also bring a thick skin. Essay. Buy Essays Online? 5) Tell your story, in fact shout it from the rooftops if you can. Maybe your original idea for your photographic essay was to post it on your blog. Xl Quilted? Awesome, nothing wrong with that, but are you sure it can’t be more? Shop it around, who can it help? Does this benefit a group, an organization, or a person? Could it inspire people? If you feel passionately about the photos, chances are that someone else will too. Your photographic eye doesn’t stop when your shooting is done. Buy Essays Online …? If you felt compelled to take the xl quilted, time to create a photographic essay, there are likely “readers” for your story.
TIP: This isn’t the time to be humble. Taking on a photo essay is a large endeavour. While there’s nothing wrong with having it be something you only did for your own personal growth, showing it around can be helpful both in experience and cheap pol300 assignment longterm benefit. Post it on social media, find appropriate places your essay could be displayed, and think about how it helped you. Xl Quilted? Every single photo essay I have done has led to an outstanding connection, or more work, and there is nothing wrong with getting those things along with the Thesis essay. Buy essays online …, personal gain of statement for college xl quilted accomplishing something you’re proud of. The ideas are truly for a photographic essay are limitless. Truly.
Want a few more ideas for help projects, try these? Have you ever done a photographic essay? What is your experience? Share with in the comments if you have, or have considered it. Personal For College Xl Quilted? If you haven’t, what are you waiting for? Read more from our Tips Tutorials category. Lynsey Mattingly photographs families, kids, couples, and paper zanussi other groups of personal people who, for help essay. online … whatever reason, kind of like each other.
Her portrait work has been featured in People Magazine, Us Weekly, BBC Magazine, and on national TV including CNN, Oprah, and Ellen, but most importantly, in the personal galleries of statement clients across the country. Her photography can be viewed at my mother essay universal management www.lynseymattingly.com or on personal Facebook. Excellent post Lynsey. I suffer from the same challenges as you in tip #4. I get caught up in service zanussi my personal meaning behind some of my pictures.
Apparently, others feel the same way. http://www.picture-power.com/my-most-powerful-picture.html. I have an idea for a photo essay I wanted to pursue, this article helped grow it further. Thank you. Wonderful article. I liked the statement xl quilted, picture for #3. This is the main reason why I think a blog is a much more interesting format than a photo sharing site such as flickr or 500px to buy essay pol300 assignment 2, show your work; for me, the images are just part of the story, but the words and texts can help define them, giving them context and body.
For me, an statement image rarely works alone and usually comes in a set with a particular rhythm and flow; what precedes and what follows is a very important element of each capture, as well. One example from my blog, a short walk that I took recently along a humble neighborhood in Bangkok: I think the issue in 5. Answer this question: Do the media tell negative about certain communities? answer cheap essay writing services Tip #4 is common to all creative endeavors: We all get too close to the material. In a previous life, I was a writer and statement for college editor, but when it came time for me to edit my own stuff, I had somebody else look at it. We have too much of term zanussi ourselves tied up in the work to be objective sometimes. Wonderful article, thank you #128578; some of the examples are awesome and thought-filling. Thank-you for telling me about personal statement xl quilted this!! It pretty much rocks. I am so glad that I came across this article this morning. I am no pro photographer but just someone who loves capturing images to share. Buy Essay Online Cheap? I have been asked to statement xl quilted, volunteer my time to capture a group of students in Beijing, who would be traveling to Xian, the home of the terracotta warriors, to help out in a orphanage just 2 weeks from now. I have never done this before.
They are not expecting much. Just pictures for the event. However, I wanted to tell a story. A story of these volunteers as well as the orphans and I have been struggling over the past week of whether is that what I should do. After reading this article, I know that I am on the right path and hopefully help not to take pictures of people, but take pictures of the this question: Do the media tell stories certain communities? If the answer why? essay writing, story behind the for college, people.
Thank you again very much. This is my first opportunity to use my hobby for a good cause, and I am very excited about it. Thank you again for this great article. Really good points and 2 very motivational to statement, get me on a riveting photo essay again. I did attempt one such photographic essay which I titled #8220;The World of Weeds.#8221; Would appreciate a few visits with any helpful comments or critiques.
It#8217;s over at one of my blogs and can be found here: http://thegoldenumber.blogspot.com/2013/07/the-world-of-weeds.html. you have some beautiful images there, but I would keep the paper service zanussi, focus similar. the shift in focus from 1, 2, 3 and personal statement for college 5 is radical. Online? 5 the green plant on the corner and then 7 seems another sudden change. The drain-pipe is personal statement for college xl quilted beautiful because the eye follows the path of the pipe and Buy essays … so tightly focused. Personal? It seems to be erratic because you have the wonderful still life of help library week 2014 dried plants against nearly solid backdrops like walls and xl quilted then sudden change to cheap pol300 assignment, green plants that don#8217;t seem to statement, have the same focus.. but the Buy essays online, dried plants and wall work, the drain beautiful and interesting. Statement For College Xl Quilted? The green plants against walls work well with dried plants because they have similar conceptual style. Overall, is cpm homework help week 2014 interesting group and statement for college xl quilted should be developed some more. I recently completed my first photo essay as an paper service zanussi eBook. It took me a long time to figure out how to work with iBooks Author, but it was a great platform to construct such a vehicle to statement for college, display digital photographs in a meaningful way. Unfortunately, it only publishes to iBooks, which translates, effectively, to having the eBook only on essay management iPads.
Photo essays in black and personal for college xl quilted white. Buy Essay Online Pol300 Assignment? This post inspired me to start my website of photo essays. My current ongoing series is about a band I went on tour with and personal statement for college the different things I learned and encountered: http://www.quietandconstant.com/on-tour-with-lemuria-part-1/ I recently made a photo essay which was published in Thesis essay. Buy essays a mainstream web portal so I#8217;m quite happy about personal for college that. I agree that sometimes, photographs have to be put in context by using words to string them together. Also believe that any subject can be turned into a photo essay.
The Photo Essay is a piece where its the photographer#8217;s voice through and 5. Answer media more negative stories certain communities? answer is “yes,” why? writing through. For College? Landscape Photography Tips. Photo Composition Tips. Beginner Photography Tips. Buy Essay Online Pol300? 2006 - 2017 Digital Photography School, All Rights Reserved / Disclaimer. Thanks for subscribing! DPS NEWSLETTER Guaranteed for 2 full months Pay by PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download. DPS NEWSLETTER All our best articles for the week Fun photographic challenges Special offers and discounts. DPS NEWSLETTER All our best articles for the week Fun photographic challenges Special offers and discounts Your email is safe with us.
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Dec 09, 2017 Personal statement for college xl quilted,
Essay on Monopoly Market | Micro Economics. In this essay we will discuss about monopoly market. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Meaning of Monopoly 2. Sources and Types of Monopoly 3. Monopoly Price Determination 4. Degree of Monopoly Power – Its Measure 5. Meaning of Monopoly Price Discrimination 6. Types of Price Discrimination 7. Conditions for for college, Price Discrimination 8. Benefits of 5. Answer question: media tell stories about certain why? cheap, Price Discrimination and Other Details. Essay on personal statement for college the Meaning of Monopoly Essay on the Sources and Types of Monopoly Essay on Monopoly Price Determination Essay on the Degree of Monopoly Power – Its Measure Essay on the Meaning of Monopoly Price Discrimination Essay on the Types of Price Discrimination Essay on the Conditions for Price Discrimination Essay on the Benefits of Price Discrimination Essay on the Harms of Price Discrimination Essay on Control and Regulation of Monopoly. Monopoly is a market situation in which there is only one seller of buy essay 2, a product with barriers to entry of others. The product has no close substitutes. In the words of Salvatore, “Monopoly is the form of market organisation in which there is a single fir m selling a commodity for which there are no close substitutes.” The cross elasticity of demand with every other product is very low.
This means that no other firms produce a similar product. Thus, the statement monopoly firm is itself an industry and the monopolist faces the industry demand curve. The demand curve for his product is, therefore, relatively stable and slopes downward to the right, given the tastes and incomes of his customers. It means that more of the product can be sold at a lower price than at a higher price. He is a price-maker who can set the price to his maximum advantage. However, it does not mean that he can set both price and output. Thesis Online. He can do either of the two things. His price is determined by his demand curve, once he selects his output level.
Or, once he sets the price for his product, his output is determined by what consumers will take at personal statement xl quilted that price. In any situation, the ultimate aim of the monopolist is to have maximum profits. Essay # 2. Paper Service Zanussi. Sources and Types of Monopoly : Monopoly may arise from a number of sources and statement for college is of various types: First, grant of a patent right to my mother universal healthcare a firm by the government to make, use or sell its own invention. Second, control of a strategic raw material for an exclusive production process. Third, a natural monopoly enjoyed by a firm when it supplies the entire market at a lower unit cost due to increasing economies of scale, just as in the supply of electricity, gas, etc. Fourth, government may grant exclusive right to a private firm to operate under its regulation. Such privately owned and government regulated monopolies are mostly in public utilities and are called legal monopolies such as in transport, communications, etc. Fifth, there may be government owned and regulated monopolies such as postal services, water and sewer systems of municipal corporations, etc. Sixth, government may grant licence to a sole firm and protect it to exclude foreign rivals. Seventh, the sole manufacturer of a product may adopt a limit pricing policy in personal for college xl quilted order to prevent the entry of paper zanussi, new firms.
Essay # 3. Monopoly Price Determination : We study the determination of monopoly price in personal xl quilted the short-run and the long-run. The analysis of the determination of the Thesis help essay. Buy essays online price, output and personal statement for college profits under monopoly is based on the following assumptions: (1) There is one seller or producer of a homogeneous product. (2) There are no close substitutes for the product. (3) There is pure competition in the factor market so that the price of each input he buys is given to him. (4) The monopolist is a rational being who aims at maximum profit with the minimum of Thesis essay. Buy essays online, costs. (5) There are many buyers on the demand side but none is in a position to influence the price of the product by his individual actions. Personal Statement Xl Quilted. Thus the price of the buy essay cheap product is given for the consumer. (6) The monopolist does not charge discriminating price. Statement For College. He treats all consumers alike and charges a uniform price for his product.
(7) The monopoly price is uncontrolled. There are no restrictions on the power of the monopolist. (8) There is no threat of entry of other firms. Price and 2014 Output Determination : Given these assumptions, the price, output and profits under monopoly are determined by the forces of demand and statement for college xl quilted supply. The monopolist has complete control over the supply of the product. He is also a price- maker who can set the price to his maximum advantage. But he cannot fix the help 2014 price and output simultaneously.
Either he can fix the statement xl quilted price and leave the output to be determined by the customer demand at that price. Or, he can fix the output to be produced and leave the price to be determined by the consumer demand for cheap write, his product. Thus, whatever price he fixes and whatever output he decides to personal xl quilted produce is determined by the conditions of demand. The demand curve faced by a monopolist is write my essay waste, definite and is downward sloping to the right. Personal. It is his average revenue curve (AR). Its corresponding marginal revenue curve (MR) is also downward sloping and lies below it. But the manner and extent to which the cheap my essay waste monopolist will be able to influence price or output will depend upon the elasticity of personal statement for college xl quilted, demand for his product.
If the demand for his product is highly elastic, he can sell more by a small reduction in price. If, on the other hand, the demand is less elastic, the tendency will be to raise the help library week 2014 price and profit more by selling less. Given the personal for college demand for Do the media more stories about communities? If the is “yes,” essay writing services, his product, the monopolist can select the personal statement most profitable output against this demand. Buy Essay Pol300 2. His cost of production may be rising, falling or constant. Personal Statement For College Xl Quilted. Whatever the nature of the 5. Answer this question: Do the tell more negative stories certain communities? essay writing services cost curves- straight line, convex or concave—the monopoly equilibrium will take place at a point where the marginal revenue equals marginal cost i.e. ?R /?Q = ?C /?Q. The monopolist maximises his profits at the price where the difference between total revenue and total costs is the maximum i.e. Max ? = TR-TC. In other words, the monopolist gains the maximum when he equates marginal revenue ( MR) to marginal cost (MC).
He may do this either by estimating the demand price and the cost of producing various outputs or by a process of trial and error. Geometrically speaking, the point of monopoly equilibrium is personal xl quilted, one where the MC curve cuts the MR curve from below or from the left, and help Buy essays online a perpendicular from statement for college, it to the AR curve determines price. It implies that. Price MC = MR. In fact, monopoly price = MC –E/E-1. AR (Price) = MR MC –E/E-1 and MC = MR. Monopoly Price = MC E/E-1. Thus monopoly price is a function of the MC and the elasticity of demand. We discuss below the determination of monopoly price in the short period and the long period.
(A) Short-Run Monopoly Equilibrium : In the short-run, the cheap my essay water management monopoly firm attains equilibrium when its profits are maximised or losses are minimised. Like the competitive equilibrium, this analysis can also he discussed in statement for college xl quilted terms of the total revenue-total cost approach and the marginal revenue-cost approach. Total Revenue-Cost Approach: In Figure 1. TC is the total cost curve showing a constant rise in the total costs as output increases. TR is the 5. Answer this question: Do the media more about answer why? cheap total revenue curve which goes on rising to begin with, then flattens and later on slopes downward, showing fall in total receipts after a given point. The monopolist will maximise his profits at that output where the difference between TR and TC is the greatest.
This will be the level at which the slopes of personal statement for college xl quilted, TR and TC curves equal. Accordingly, P is the equilibrium point as determined by the tangents at points P and T on the TR and TC curves respectively. A and are the break-even points where TR = TC. To the left of A and right of B, the monopolist is incurring losses because TC TR. Thus his maximum profits will be PT and he will sell OM output at MP Price.
Marginal Revenue-Marginal Cost Approach: In the short-run, the monopolist can change the price as well as the quantity of the product. Buy Essay Online Cheap Pol300. If he intends producing more, he can do so by increasing the use of variable inputs. He may start two shifts of production; hire more labour, raw materials, etc. But he cannot change his fixed plant and statement equipment. On the other hand, if he wants to restrict his output, he may dispense with certain workers, work for less hours and use less of the variable factors. In any case, his price cannot be below the average variable costs. It implies that he can continue to incur losses during the short period so long as he covers his average variable cost (AVC) of production. Price is determined when (1) P SMC = MR, and (2) The SMC curve cuts the MR curve from below. It is at this equilibrium point that profits are maximised or losses are minimised. In Figure 2, SAC and buy essay pol300 assignment SMC are the short-run average and marginal revenue curves respectively.
AVC is the average variable cost curve. D/AR is the demand curve (the average revenue curve) whose corresponding marginal revenue curve is MR. The short-run monopoly equilibrium is at point E where the SMC curve cuts the personal xl quilted MR curve from buy essay online cheap, below. The monopolist sells OM output at MP (=OB) price. The price MP, being above the short-run average cost MA, the monopolist earns AP profits per unit of output.
Thus total monopoly profits are AP ? CA= CAPB. In Figure 3, the short-run equilibrium of the monopolist is shown when he earns only normal profits. Personal Statement Xl Quilted. The equality of Thesis help online, SMC curve and MR curve at point E determines OM output which is sold at statement xl quilted MP Price. Term Paper Service. Since the SAC curve is tangent to personal for college xl quilted the AR curve at this level of output, the monopolist earns normal profits. The monopolist knows that any level of output other than OM would bring losses because the SAC curve would be higher than the AR curve. Figure 4 shows a short-run situation in cpm homework 2014 which the monopolist incurs losses. As usual, the equilibrium point E is determined by personal for college xl quilted the equality of SMC and MR. Cheap Pol300 Assignment. But the monopoly price MP, as fixed by demand conditions, does not cover the short-run average costs of production PA. It just covers the for college xl quilted average variable costs MP, represented by the tangency of the demand curve D and the AVC curve at point P. PA is thus per unit loss which the monopolist incurs. Total losses are equal to BP x PA = BPAC.
In this figure, P is the shutdown point for this firm. If the market demand conditions lower the price from MP downward, the monopolist will temporarily stop production. Cheap Pol300. His firm will close down. (B) Long-Run Monopoly Equilibrium: In the long-run, the monopolist can remain in business only if he is able to earn super-normal profits.
If he was incurring losses in personal statement xl quilted the short-run, he has enough time to make changes in his existing plant in the long- run so as to maximise his profits. With entry of new firms ruled out, he can install a plant which gives him maximum profits. The scale of his plant depends upon the position of the demand (AR) curve and its corresponding MR curve. Online Cheap Pol300. The most profitable level of personal statement, output is at the point where the LMC curve intersects the MR curve from below and help Buy essays online … the SMC curve passes through this point. Further, the SAC curve must be tangent to personal statement for college xl quilted the LAC curve at this level of output.
Suppose in the long-run, the Thesis Buy essays online … monopolist installs an efficient plant represented by the curve SAC 1 and SMC 1 in Figure 5. On this plant, the long-run profits are the maximum at for college xl quilted the output OM where LMC = MR at point E. Since at this level the short-run average cost curve SAC 1 is tangent to the LAC curve at Point A, the SMC 1 curve is also equal to the LMC curve and to the MR curve (SMC 1 = LMC =MR) at the equilibrium point E. Thus when the service monopoly firm is in long-run equilibrium, it is also in short- run equilibrium. By changing its scale of personal statement, plant in the long-run, the help week 2014 monopolist charges the price OB (=MP), sells the output OM and earns BPAC monopoly profits. However this plant is less than the optimum size because the monopoly firm is not producing at the lowest point L of the LAC curve. It has some excess capacity. Personal. It is buy essay online 2, not in a position to take full advantage of the economies of scale due to the small size of the market for his product.
Essay # 4. Degree of Monopoly Power – Its Measure: In monopoly, the monopolist is personal, able to Thesis help earn monopoly profit by his superior bargaining power. Statement. He is in a better position to exploit the market to his advantage. He gains more by putting restraints on his actual and potential competitors. Thus monopoly power refers to Thesis Buy essays … the restraints imposed over his competitors by personal for college xl quilted the monopolist through his price-output policies.
There are two important methods of monopoly power: First, the difference between marginal cost and Thesis help … price. Since in Monopoly, the marginal cost is always less than the price, the greater the statement xl quilted difference between the two, the larger is the monopoly power. Second, the library week difference between monopoly super-normal profits and competitive super-normal profits is also considered as the measure of monopoly power. The greater the difference between the two, the for college xl quilted larger is the degree of monopoly. However, economists have given other measures of monopoly power.
We discuss a few. But no method is regarded as perfect. One of the earliest methods to measure monopoly power is expressed by Prof. Abba P. My Mother Universal Management. Lerner in terms of the bargaining strength. The difference between price and personal statement for college marginal cost is the measure of the degree of monopoly power. If P is help week 2014, price and MC the marginal cost, the personal statement xl quilted formula for measuring the degree of monopoly power is P-MC/P. Service Zanussi. A seller’s monopoly power depends upon his ability to sell his product at a price much above his marginal cost. The larger the gap between price and marginal cost, the greater is the monopoly power.
A competitive seller has no monopoly power at statement all, because under perfect competition P = MC. In all cases, the assignment above formula will give zero. But in the case of overproduction, MC may exceed price and the index will have a negative value. Moreover, if the seller is a monopolist, the difference between price and marginal cost is personal for college xl quilted, always there. The index of monopoly power will, therefore, vary between zero and unity. For instance, if P is Rs.4 and MC Rs.2 the index of monopoly power will be 1/2 i.e. (4-2)/4. It is, however, not easy for a seller to raise the cheap write my essay price of his product in order to increase his bargaining price. The attempt to raise profits by a price rise may be neutralized by the reduction in his sales resulting from raising the price. Therefore, the degree of monopoly power is measured in terms of the elasticity of demand and the formula is:
Degree of monopoly power (DMP) = (P – MC)/ P. For profit maximisation, MC = MR, and the formula becomes. DMP= or the personal for college inverse of the elasticity of demand, By substituting MR = P E-1/E in the above equation, DMP= (P-P E-1/E)/P = P- PE +P/E/P = PE- PE+P/EP = 1/E. Or the inverse of the elasticity of demand, P/P-MR. Lerner’s measure is illustrated in Figure 6 where AC and MC curves are the firm’s average and marginal cost curves, while D and MR are its demand and marginal revenue curves.
The monopolist firm maximizes its profit at point E where MC = MR. It produces OM output and sells it at MP Price. The ratio PEIPM is termed as the degree of monopoly power. The degree of monopoly power is the reciprocal of the P-MR elasticity of demand i.e., P-MR/P. In Figure 6, P is equal to PM while MR is equal to EM. Rewrite the formula, The formula indicates that the degree of monopoly power is the reciprocal of the price elasticity of cpm homework 2014, demand E. The lower is the price elasticity of demand the greater is the degree of monopoly power. The higher the elasticity, lower the monopoly power. If, for instance, price elasticity of demand is 2, the degree of monopoly power will be one-half. On the other hand, the elasticity coefficient of 1/2 will indicate a monopoly power of 2. Though interesting, this measure of monopoly power has many limitations.
First, monopoly power does not depend exclusively on statement the difference between price and write waste water management cost. It also depends on the restriction of output by the monopolist seller. The index showing the degree of monopoly may be equal in the case of two firms. Personal Statement For College. But one may have under utilisation on its existing plant and equipment while the other may show underinvestment. The above formula fails to explain these important aspects of paper, monopoly power. Secondly, the Lerner formula is incapable of measuring non-price competition. Again the index of monopoly power may be the same in xl quilted case of two firms. But one firm may be engaged in intensive non-price competition than the other firm. It may thus be selling a large quantity of its product. Lerner’s formula does not throw any light on this aspect of the problem.
Thirdly, even the case of absolute monopoly power is paper, difficult to explain in personal xl quilted terms of this formula. The price elasticity of demand measures income and substitution effects of a change in price on consumer’s demand. But under absolute monopoly where competition is absent, the substitution effect is zero and the income effect is the only effect. Thus the price elasticity of demand under monopoly measures only the income effect which may be negative or positive. The main flaw in Lerner’s measure is zanussi, that it does not attach any definite coefficient of elasticity to the degree of statement, monopoly power. Fourthly, Lerner’s measure is essentially static. It does not reveal whether the level of marginal cost is due to superior technology or the result of obsolete methods of production. Lastly, the Lerner measure is affected by changes over term service time in the ratio of capital to statement xl quilted labour in an industry. Despite these limitations, economists like Dunlop and Kalecki used this index to measure the degree of monopoly power.
The former used this in the case of selected industries and the latter for the whole economy. Prof. Robert Triffin has improved upon Lerner’s measure by suggesting price cross-elasticity instead of price elasticity of demand. Price cross-elasticity of demand measures the degree of substitution between the products of two firms when a change in the price of one firm’s product affects the demand for the other’s product. When the cross-elasticity of demand between the product of one firm and of all other firms is zero, the reciprocal of cross-elasticity would be infinity and the firm would have absolute monopoly power. According to Triffin, under pure monopoly, the cheap my essay waste water management cross-elasticity of demand is zero and the monopolist takes advantage of absolute monopoly power.
On the other hand, cross-elasticity is infinite under perfect competition and the firm’s monopoly power is zero. First, like Lerner’s measure, the Triffin measure is unsuitable for practical purposes. Pure monopoly like pure competition is unreal. Secondly, it is not possible to find out a definite coefficient of cross-elasticity of demand in the case of any firm. Thirdly, the method of measuring monopoly power in terms of cross-elasticity of for college xl quilted, demand is not correct because its coefficient is zero both under pure monopoly and service pure competition.
But monopoly power is found under pure monopoly rather than under pure competition. Prof. J.S. Bain suggests the size of super-normal profit as the degree of personal statement xl quilted, monopoly power. He uses the divergence between price and average cost as the measure of monopoly power. Under perfect competition, super-normal profits are competed away with the entry of new firms in cheap write waste water the industry. So the degree of monopoly power is zero when competition is pure. It is, therefore, under monopoly with no threat of entry of new firms that monopoly profits are the largest and the degree of monopoly power the absolute.
The degree of personal statement for college xl quilted, monopoly power will, however, be small where the threat of new entrants exists. Thus the degree of monopoly power is measured by the size of super-normal profits. The greater the strength of the service seller, the larger profits he will earn without any threat of new entrants. The Bain measure is illustrated in statement for college xl quilted Figure 6 where the monopoly firm produces OM output and sells it at paper service MP Price. The difference between price and average cost (AC) is PC at OM per unit of output. Thus A PC are the super-normal profits which measure monopoly power. But this measure is personal xl quilted, also not free from shortcomings. First, it is difficult to my mother universal healthcare estimate the net income accruing to a firm. It depends upon statement for college, the extent of its amortization of the cost of fixed factors. Secondly, there are other difficulties, like the deduction of interest and wages of my mother essay management, management from the firm’s net income in order to calculate its profits. Thirdly, all profits accruing to a firm are not monopoly profits.
Firms, whether competitive or monopolistic, often earn windfall profits when demand and cost conditions change. Statement For College Xl Quilted. They, therefore, need to be deducted from total net profits to arrive at pure monopoly profits. Lastly, excess profits may be due to monopolistic selling practices, monopolistic buying practices, or the result of increase in efficiency, newer manufacturing techniques and expert management. Prof. Rothschild measures the degree of online assignment 2, monopoly power as the ratio of the slope of a firm’s demand curve to personal the slope of the industry demand curve. In Figure 7, dd represents the demand curve of a firm which is cheap waste water management, elastic than the industry demand curve DD. Thus. DMP=Slope of dd/Slope of DD= (KL/KR)/(KN/KR) = KL/KN. Since under pure competition the demand curve of a firm is statement xl quilted, horizontal, the Rothschild index equals zero. Essay Healthcare Management. Under pure monopoly there being no difference between firm and industry, this index equals unity.
Therefore, the degree of monopoly power exists between zero and unity. The Rothschild measure of the degree of monopoly power is vaguer than the other measures. First, it is not possible to estimate the exact shape of the demand curve for the relevant output range. Second, this index requires that all competitors keep their prices constant or they readjust their prices so as to keep them identical with the price being charged by the monopolist. Lastly, this measure is statement xl quilted, based exclusively on Thesis essay. Buy essays demand factors and neglects supply and cost conditions. Essay # 5. Meaning of Monopoly Price Discrimination: Price discrimination means, charging different prices from different customers or for different units of the same product. In the words of Joan Robinson: “The act of selling the same article, produced under single control at different prices to different buyers is known as price discrimination.” Price discrimination is possible when the monopolist sells in different markets in statement for college such a way that it is not possible to transfer any unit of the this question: media tell more communities? answer is “yes,” essay writing services commodity from the cheap market to the dearer market. Price discrimination is, however, not possible under perfect competition, even if the two markets could be kept separate. Since the market demand in each market is perfectly elastic, every seller would try to sell in that market in for college xl quilted which he could get the cpm homework help week highest price.
Competition would make the price equal in both the markets. Thus price discrimination is possible only for college xl quilted, when markets are imperfect. Essay # 6. Types of Price Discrimination: Price discrimination is of many types: Firstly, it may be personal based on this Do the more about If the writing services the income of the customer. Personal For College. For example, doctors and lawyers charge different fees from different customers on the basis of their incomes. Higher fees are charged to paper zanussi rich persons and lower to the poor. Secondly, price discrimination may be based on the nature of the product. Paperback is cheaper than the deluxe edition of the same book, for the former is bought by the majority of readers, and the latter by libraries. Personal For College. Unbranded products, like open tea, are sold at lower prices than branded products like Brooke Bond or Tata tea. Economy size tooth pastes are relatively cheaper than ordinary-sized tooth pastes.
In the case of services too, price discrimination is practiced when off-season rates of hotels at hill stations are very low as compared to the peak season. Dry-cleaning firms charge for two while they clean three clothes during off-season; whereas they charge more for quick service in peak season. Thirdly, price discrimination is also related to the age, sex and write waste water management status of the customers. Statement For College. Barbers charge less for children’s haircuts. Certain cinema halls in small towns in India admit ladies only at lower rates. Military personnel in uniform are admitted at concessional rates in 5. Answer this question: Do the stories about communities? answer is “yes,” why? cheap writing services certain cinema houses. Fourthly, discrimination is also based on for college the time of service. Buy Essays. Cinema houses at certain places, like New Delhi, charge half the rates in the morning show than in personal for college xl quilted the afternoon shows. Fifthly, there is geographical or local discrimination when a monopolist sells in one market at a higher price than in the other market. Lastly, discrimination may he based on the use of the product.
Railways charge different rates for different compartments or for different services. Less is charged for the transportation of term service zanussi, coal than for bales of cloth on personal xl quilted the same route. State power boards charge low rates for industrial use than for domestic consumption of electricity. Essay # 7. Conditions for Price Discrimination: For price discrimination to exist the following conditions must be satisfied: Price discrimination is possible when there is some degree of market imperfection. The individual seller is able to divide and keep his market into separate parts only if it is imperfect. Customers do not move readily from one market to the other because of ignorance or inertia. (2) Agreement between Rival Sellers: Price discrimination also takes place when the seller of a commodity is a monopolist or when rivals enter into an agreement for the sale of the product at essay universal different prices to different customers.
This is usually possible in the sale of direct services. A single surgeon may charge a high fee for an operation from a rich patient and a relatively low fee from a poor patient. Lawyers charge from their clients in proportion to personal the degree of risk or amount of money involved in a law suit. Price discrimination is possible in the case of services because there is no possibility of resale. (3) Geographical or Tariff Barriers: Discrimination may occur on essay universal healthcare management geographical grounds. The monopolist may discriminate between home and personal xl quilted foreign buyers by selling at management a lower price in the foreign market than in the domestic market. This type of personal for college xl quilted, discrimination is known as “dumping”. It can only be successful if the commodities sold abroad can be prevented from being returned to the home country by tariff restrictions. Sometimes transport costs are so high that they act as a safeguard against the return of dumped goods. Discrimination is possible when buyers need the same service in connection with differentiated products.
Railways charge different rates for the transport of coal and copper. For they know that it is physically impossible for a copper merchant to convert copper into coal for essay universal healthcare, the purpose of personal xl quilted, transporting it cheaper. It also applies to discrimination based on age, sex, status and income of buyers of services. For instance, a rich man cannot become poor for the sake of getting cheap medical facilities. Discrimination also occurs when small manufacturers sell goods made to order. They charge different rates to different buyers depending upon help, the intensity of their demand for for college xl quilted, the product. Shoe makers and tailors charge a high price for the same variety from those customers who want them earlier than others. For the same variety of help week, shoes and clothes, different buyers are also charged different prices because individual buyers are not in a position to know the price being charged to personal statement xl quilted others.
(6) Artificial Difference between Goods: A monopolist may create artificial difference by presenting the same commodity in different quantities. He may present it under different names and labels, one for …, the rich and snobbish buyers and the other for the ordinary. Thus he may charge different prices for substantially the same product. A washing soap manufacturer may wrap a small quantity of the soap, give it a separate name and charge a higher price. He may sell it at Rs.20 per kg. Personal. as against Rs.18 for the unwrapped soap. (7) Differences in Demand Elasticity: For price discrimination, the demand in the separate markets must be considerably different. Different prices can be charged in separate markets based on differences of elasticity of demand.
Low price is charged where demand is write my essay waste management, more elastic and high price in the market with a less elastic demand. (4) Price Determination under Monopoly Discrimination: Price discrimination occurs when the monopolist divides the buyers of personal for college, his commodity or service into two or more groups and charges a different price to each group. We take the case of universal healthcare, a monopolist who sells his commodity in two separate markets. This analysis is based on the following conditions: (i) The aim of the monopolist is to maximise his profits. He, therefore, produces that output at which his marginal revenue equals marginal cost. Since he sells in two separate markets, he adjusts the quantity such wise in each market that marginal revenues in both markets are equal. Given the marginal cost of statement for college xl quilted, producing the commodity, the most profitable monopoly output will be determined at a point where the combined marginal revenue of both the markets equals the marginal cost.
Or, monopoly profit = MR 1 = MR 2 = MC. If the marginal revenue is greater in market (one) than in market 2 (two), the Thesis essay. Buy essays online … monopolist will sell less to market 2 and shift this quantity to market 1. This will tend to raise the price in market 2 and lower it in market 1 up to a point where marginal revenues in the two markets are equal. (ii) The number of buyers in each market is very large and xl quilted there is perfect competition among them. (iii) There is no possibility of resale from one market to the other. (iv) The monopolist’s demand curve in each market is downward sloping which implies that his monopoly in selling the commodity is well established in essay universal the two markets. (v) Lastly, the most important condition for price discrimination is that the elasticities of statement xl quilted, demand in question: Do the more negative stories certain communities? answer is “yes,” why? cheap the two markets must be different. It means that the price charged in each market must be different from the other. The price will be high in the market with the less elastic demand and low in the market with the high elastic demand. In the words of Joan Robinson: “The sub-markets will be arranged in ascending order of their elasticities, the highest price being charged in the least elastic market and statement the lowest price in library the most elastic market.”
Figure 8 illustrates price and output determination under price discrimination. The monopolist sells his product in two markets, 1 and 2. Market 1 has high elastic demand for the product and market 2 has low elastic demand. Accordingly, the demand curve in personal xl quilted market 1 is D 1 and its corresponding marginal revenue curve is MR 1 and in market 2 the corresponding curves are D 2 and MR 2 . Panel of the figure shows MR T , the total marginal revenue curve, drawn by the lateral summation of MR 1 , and MR 2 , curves, and buy essay online pol300 assignment MC is the marginal cost curve. The point of intersection between the MR T and MC curves at E determines the equilibrium level of personal xl quilted, output OQ T . The monopolist divides this output between the two markets by equating the marginal cost Q T E with the marginal revenue of each market. To equal the marginal costs Q T E with MR, and MR, draw a line EA parallel to the horizontal axis. It cuts MR, at E, and service MR, at E 2 which become equilibrium points for the sale of output in each market. Thus, the quantity sold in market 1 is OQ, and in market 2 it is OQ 2 , so that OQ 1 + OQ 2 equal the total output OQ T . The price in the highly elastic (foreign) market is Q, P, and in the less elastic (domestic) market Q 2 P 2 and Q 2 P 2 Q 1 P 1 Total profits earned by the discriminating monopolist are MEC. We may conclude that under price discrimination the monopolist sells his product in two separate markets with different elasticities of for college xl quilted, demand so that he maximises his profits when he sells more at a lower price in the foreign market with elastic demand and essay healthcare sells less at a higher price in domestic market with less elastic demand. It follows that when marginal revenues equal and prices differ in the two markets, price discrimination is possible and profitable. (5) Dumping: International Price Discrimination:
Dumping is international price discrimination in which an exporter firm sells a portion of its output in a foreign market at a very low price and the remaining output at a high price in the home market. The home market is controlled or protected and the foreign market is free or open. Heberler defines dumping as: “The sale of goods abroad at a price which is lower than the selling price of the personal xl quilted same goods at the same time and in the same circumstances at home, taming account of differences in more stories If the cheap essay writing services transport costs.” The analysis of price-output determination under dumping assumes that: (a) Total output is not fixed, it can be varied; (b) Marginal revenues must be equal in the two markets, and. (c) The foreign market is perfectly competitive and the home market is monopolistic, so that the personal demand curve facing the monopolistic in the foreign market is perfectly elastic and in the home market less elastic. Given, the above assumptions, price, output will be determined by the equality of the total marginal revenue curve and the marginal cost curve of producing the commodity. Figure 9 illustrates price-output determination under dumping. The foreign market demand curve faced by the monopolist is the horizontal line PD F which is also the MR curve because the foreign market is assumed to be perfectly elastic. The demand curve in the home market with a less elastic demand for buy essay cheap pol300 assignment, the product is the statement for college xl quilted downward sloping curve D H and its corresponding marginal revenue curve is MR^ The lateral summation of the MR H and PD curves leads to online cheap pol300 the formation of TRED F as the combined marginal revenue curve.
In order to determine the quantity of the product to be produced by the monopolist, we take the marginal cost curve MC which cuts the combined marginal revenue curve TRED F from below at personal statement point E. Thus OF output will be produced for sale in the two markets. Since EF is the marginal cost, equilibrium in 5. Answer this media tell more negative stories about certain is “yes,” services the domestic market will be established at point R where the personal for college marginal cost EF equals the MR H curve. Now OH quantity will be sold at HM price in the home market and the remaining quantity HF will be sold in the foreign market at OP price. Thus the monopolist sells more in zanussi the foreign market with the more elastic demand at a low price and less in the home market with the less elastic demand at a high price. His total profits are TREC. Essay # 8. Benefits of Price Discrimination: Pigou and statement xl quilted John Robinson have analysed the circumstances under which price discrimination is buy essay online assignment 2, harmful or beneficial to society. In many cases where there is perfect competition or simple monopoly, production of a certain commodity is not possible because its average cost curve lies above its demand (AR) curve. But under price discrimination the average cost curve is likely to be below the average revenue curve at some point.
Thus, if there were no discrimination, society would be deprived of the use of certain commodities and services. As emphasised by Mrs. Robinson: “It may happen, for instance, that a railway would not be built, or a country doctor would not set up in practice, if discrimination were forbidden. From the point of view of society, it is only necessary that the concern should make sufficient profits to maintain the efficiency of the plant, and not a profit which would have been sufficient to justify the original investment.” If a doctor charges a uniform fee to all his patients, his income may be so low as to xl quilted induce him to leave his private practice and term join some hospital. The community is thus deprived of his services in the particular area where he is personal statement xl quilted, practising. If, however, he charges more fee to his rich patients than to the ordinarily, his income is likely to be so high as to cpm homework help week 2014 induce him to stay in personal for college xl quilted that area.
Similarly, the existence of railways depends upon their charging higher rates to buy essay online cheap some customers than to others in the same train. If discrimination occurs under conditions of falling average costs, it is actually beneficial to consumers because it results in larger output for the market. This is illustrated in Figure 10 where D is the average revenue curve of the discriminating monopolist and d/MR is the ordinary demand curve which becomes the MR curve to the discriminator. The average cost curve AC lies above the market demand curve d throughout its length. So no production is possible at any price on the ordinary d curve.
But production is possible under price discrimination because the demand curve D of the personal statement discriminating monopolist lies above the downward sloping portion of the AC curve. Equilibrium is established at E where MC = MR and the output OQ is produced and sold at cheap write my essay QP price and for college the discriminator g earns RP profits per unit of output. Price discrimination is justified if it helps in promoting economic welfare. Governments usually permit or even encourage price discrimination if it leads to the production of some public utility service, such as telephone, telegraph, or rail transportation. In public utility services, the higher income groups are charged higher prices and the funds so collected may be used to subsidies the management goods meant for the poor. Price discrimination is also beneficial to society for it helps in personal reducing inequalities of personal incomes when higher prices or fees are charged to Thesis essay. Buy essays online the rich than to the poor. In public utility services, the higher price charged to the higher income groups serves as a tool for income redistribution because the government may use these funds to subsidies the lower income groups. Thus price discrimination helps in promoting social warfare. Price discrimination is not only beneficial but is also justified when a country sells a commodity cheaper abroad than at home. If a foreign market is elastic, more will be sold at a lower price. Personal Statement For College Xl Quilted. It means expansion in output, the use of larger resources of the economy, more employment and paper service income to the community.
Price discrimination of this type proves particularly useful if the industry obeys the law of decreasing costs. It implies the realisation of larger economies of scale, lowering of personal for college xl quilted, costs and prices to the home market also. It is possible that without price discrimination the commodity would not have been produced at paper zanussi all. In that case, had it been imported from abroad, it would have cost the economy more both in pecuniary and real terms. Some of the country’s resources being used for the production of this commodity would have remained idle and instead of receiving income from abroad, its wealth would have floated to the other country. May be, economies of scales could be realised only when the monopolist started producing for the foreign market.
Hence price discrimination is justified. Essay # 9. Harms of Price Discrimination : Price discrimination is, however, harmful to society when it leads to mal-distribution of personal statement xl quilted, resources as between different uses with the result that output, employment and income are not maximised. It may lead to the diversion of paper zanussi, resources from their socially optimal uses. It leads to exploitation when people are made to pay higher prices for smaller quantities. Even on statement xl quilted international plane when price discrimination takes to form of dumping, it. Deliberately shatters the economy of the other country by undercutting the foreign producers and forcing them to close their business.
Such discrimination is essay, highly undesirable. Essay # 10. Control and Regulation of Monopoly: There are three methods of controlling and regulating monopoly : First, government may adopt anti-monopoly laws and restrictive trade practices legislation. Personal Statement For College. Second, government may either run natural monopolies directly or regulate monopolies by imposing price ceilings. Third, government may regulate monopolies through taxation. Besides, there are certain fears that prevent the monopolist from …, charging a very high price in order to earn large super-normal profits. They are discussed as under. (1) Fear of statement for college xl quilted, Potential Rivals. The fear of help …, potential competitors may prevent a monopolist to charge a very high price to his customers.
If he sets a vary high price, he will earn large super-normal profits. Attracted by these monopoly profits, new entrants may force themselves into the monopolised industry. The monopolist, being averse to the entry of personal statement, new firms, would prefer to cpm homework help week 2014 charge a reasonable price and xl quilted thus earn only a modest profit. (2) Fear of essay universal healthcare management, Government Regulation. Personal For College. The same consideration applies to potential government regulation.
The monopolist is well aware that charging unusually high prices or earning abnormal profits would attract the attention of the government. Rather than risk government regulation, he may voluntarily fix a low price, and earn less monopoly profit. (3) Fear of Nationalisation. The fear of nationalisation also prevents the monopolist to essay. Buy essays wield an absolute monopoly power. If the statement product or service which the monopolist provides is a public utility service, there is Do the tell more negative about certain communities? If the answer why?, every likelihood of the personal statement state taking over the monopoly organisation in public interest.
This consideration may prevent the monopolist from charging too high a price. (4) Fear of Public Reaction. The monopolist is also aware of public reaction if he charges a very high price and my mother essay management earns huge profits. Voices may be raised against the monopoly firm in parliament to press for anti- monopoly legislation. (5) Fear of Boycott. People may even boycott the use of monopolised service and start their own service instead. For instance, if in a big city taxi operators combine to charge high rates, people may boycott taxi service and personal statement for college xl quilted even start operating their own services by forming a cooperative society. Naturally, such a fear compels monopoly firms to universal management charge reasonable prices and earn only personal for college, nominal profits.
(6) Fear of Substitutes. Then there is the fear of substitutes. In fact, the fear of substitutes is the most potent factor which prevents monopoly firms from charging very high prices and thereby earn super-normal profits. The monopoly product has some substitute though it is essay., not a close substitute. Therefore, the fear of the emergence of very close substitutes is personal statement for college xl quilted, always uppermost in the mind of the monopolist which acts as a restraint on his absolute power. (7) Differences in Elasticities of Demand.
The differences in the short-and long-run elasticities of demand for the monopoly product also limit monopoly power. In the short-run, the monopolist can charge a very high price because customers take time to adjust their habits, tastes and incomes to some other substitutes. The demand for the monopoly product is, therefore, less elastic in the short-run. But in the long-run, the fear of public opinion, emergence of substitutes, government regulations, etc. will force the monopolist to set a low price. He will view his demand curve as elastic, and sell more at a low price.” (i) Control of Monopoly through Legislation: Government tries to control monopoly by anti-monopoly laws and restrictive trade practices legislation. These measures tend to: (i) Remove restrictive trade practices and fixation of high prices; (ii) Reduce the incidence of market-sharing agreements; (Hi) Remove unfair competition; (iv) Restrict the control of very large share of the market; (v) Prevent unfair price discrimination; (vi) Restrict mergers in order to avoid market domination; and. (vii) Prohibit exclusive agreements between the producer and retailer to the detriment of other traders. (ii) Control of Monopoly through Price Regulation:
We now take the case where the government feels that monopoly price is very high and healthcare management tries to bring it down by price regulation. To regulate monopoly, the for college xl quilted government imposes price ceiling so that monopoly price should be near or equal to competitive price. This is done when the government appoints a regulating authority or commission which fixes a price for the monopoly product below the monopoly price, thereby increasing output and lowering the price for the consumer. This is cpm homework help week 2014, illustrated in Figure 11. Before the xl quilted regulation of week, monopoly price, the monopolist is personal statement for college, making PF x OM profits by help library 2014 selling OM output at MP (=OA) price. Suppose the for college state regulatory authority sets the maximum price QK (=OB) at the competitive level.
The new demand curve facing the monopolist becomes BKD. Its corresponding MR curve becomes BKHMR. Now the monopolist behaves as a perfectly competitive producer. He produces and Thesis essay. Buy essays online … sells OQ output at point where the MC curve cuts the BKHMR curve from personal statement for college, below. As a result of Thesis Buy essays …, price regulation, the personal statement monopolist increases his output to OQ from OM. He still makes super- normal profits equal to KG x OQ that are smaller than the monopoly profits (PF x OM) at healthcare the unregulated price MP.
If the price regulatory authority fixes the statement monopoly price WS equal to the average cost where the AC curve cuts the D/AR curve at point S, the monopolist would be able to Thesis help Buy essays online … place a greater quantity of output OW in the market. At this level, the monopolist would earn only normal profits. In such a situation, the monopolist would continue to produce so long as he is personal statement xl quilted, getting a fair return on his capital investment. But the regulatory authority cannot force him to increase output beyond OW because the monopolist would not be operating at service a loss. (iii) Control of Monopoly through Taxation: Taxation is another way of controlling monopoly power. The tax may be levied lump-sum without any regard to the output of the monopolist. Or, it may be proportional to the output, the amount of tax rising with the increase in output. By levying a lump-sum tax, the government can reduce or even eliminate monopoly profits without affecting either the price or output of the product. A lump-sum tax imposed on the monopoly firm is shown in Figure 12 where AC and MC are the average cost and marginal cost curves before the tax is levied. The monopolist earns APRT super-normal profits by selling OM product at MP Price.
The imposition of the statement for college xl quilted lump-sum tax is, in fact, a fixed cost to the monopoly firm because it is independent of output. It, therefore, raises the average cost by cheap my essay waste the amount of the tax TC so that the AC curve shifts upward as AC ] but the marginal cost remains unaffected. So the imposition of a lump-sum tax has the effect of reducing monopoly profit from personal statement for college xl quilted, APRT to APBC. The entire burden of the tax will be borne by the monopolist himself. He cannot shift any part of it to his customers at any stage by raising the price and healthcare management reducing output. Since the monopolist’s marginal cost curve and the marginal revenue curve remain unaffected by the tax imposition, any change in the existing price- output combination would only lead to statement for college xl quilted losses. The government can also reduce monopoly profits by levying a specific or a per unit tax on the monopolist’s product. A per unit tax on monopoly output has the term zanussi effect of shifting both the average and marginal cost curves upward by the amount of the tax.
Figure 13 illustrates this case. Statement Xl Quilted. AC and online 2 MC are the monopoly firm’s average cost and marginal cost curves before the tax imposition. It earns BPGK monopoly profits by personal statement selling OM quantity of the cheap my essay product at statement UP price. Paper. Suppose a the government levies a specific tax which being a variable cost to the monopoly firm tends to shift the statement for college xl quilted cost curves upward to AC 1 and write my essay waste MC 1 . The monopolist’s new equilibrium point is E 1 where the MC 1 curve cuts the MR curve. The new price is M 1 P 1 MP (the old price) and the output is OM 1 OM (the original output). In this case, the personal for college xl quilted monopolist is cheap write waste water management, able to shift a part of the tax burden to consumers in the form of statement, higher price and a smaller output of the product. Since the monopolist has to bear a portion of the term tax burden him, his profits are also reduced from BPGK to RP 1 CF. Such a tax does not help in regulating monopoly price and output. Personal For College Xl Quilted. For the higher, the demand elasticity of tax, the higher the price for the product and the lower the output. The ultimate loss will be borne by the public rather than by the monopolist. Welcome to EconomicsDiscussion.net!
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Hiv and Aids in Sub-Saharan Africa. Using appropriate examples, discuss the implications of HIV and AIDS on development in Sub – Saharan Africa. HIV and AIDS is a critical issue for development in Sub – Saharan Africa because of the scale of HIV infection and the numbers of deaths that occur in the main productive and reproductive age group 15-49 year olds (Jackson, 2002). The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (2004) donates that the epidemic has caused and is continuing to cause untold suffering among those infected with the virus and among those otherwise affected by personal statement for college the epidemic. The epidemic also has pervasive impact on society and 5. Answer question: Do the media tell more stories certain communities? essay, economy. AIDS affects all socio-economic groups and all sectors, ranging from impoverished subsistence farmers, informal sector workers, domestic workers and for college xl quilted, unskilled factory workers to top managers, professionals, civil servants and essay healthcare management, (Jackson, 2002). The essay seeks to discuss the implications of HIV and AIDS on development in Sub-Saharan Africa. The paper attempts to discuss how HIV and AIDS have influenced negatively on health, agriculture and food security, education, economy and just to mention a few. Need essay sample on Hiv and Aids in Sub-Saharan Africa ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. In Sub-Saharan Africa, it appears that HIV and AIDS have profound social and economic effects which impact on development. Evidence from around the world seems to suggest that HIV and AIDS is one of the most pressing challenges facing rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The most affected households are heavily dependent on agriculture. As a result the statement for college xl quilted pandemic has ended the ability of rural African households to produce food and other agricultural products, to generate income, and to care and feed family members. Parker, Jacobsen and Komwa (2009) assert that while prevalence rates have declined over time in some regions, and while availability of antiretrival drugs (ARVs) has reduced the 5. Answer this question: media tell more stories about certain is “yes,” cheap essay writing effects of infection in communities where ARVs are widely available, recent studies have shown that the statement for college pandemic continues to exert significant negative economic and cpm homework help library, social effects in affected areas. Parker, Jacobsen and Komwa further assert that HIV and AIDS affects not only the health of infected individuals, but the socio-economic status of the individuals, their families, and their broader community. In addition to the direct costs of paying for medical care, HIV affected households experience a loss of labour productivity both from household members who are ill and from their caregivers.
Furthermore Parker, Jacobsen and Komwa argues that in personal for college, rural areas where farming is the primary source of Thesis online …, income and food, decreases in personal statement for college, household labor supply can lead directly to reductions in the nutritional status of waste water, all household members. Aim deaths from AIDS related illness have drastically affected household economies, reducing human capital, agricultural productivity, and lobour supply, and in turn reversing progress towards meeting other development challenges. Continuous sickness and personal statement, death in these families reduces the ability of affected households to participate in community and national development. Shocks to households and communities from my mother essay management disease events such as AIDS can reverse development progress, threatening the social and economic sustainability of these systems (Parker, Jacobsen and Konwa, 2009) HIV and AIDS epidemic adds to reduction in agricultural production and food insecurity, as agricultural work is neglected or abandoned due to household illness. According to statement for college xl quilted, Avert (2013) in other countries such as Mocambique, Botswana, Nambia and Zimbabwe, the reduction is likely to be over 20%. As in other Sub-Saharan Africa countries, it was generally found that the death of a male reduced to cheap write my essay waste, production of cash crops (such as coffee, tea and sugar) while the death of statement for college xl quilted, a feme reduced the production of grain and other crops necessary for service, household survival. The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (2004) points out that , the chronic illness that accompany deteroration of the immune system deplete household assets, reduce labour, and lead to reduced crop production. The Ministry further states that, in Zimbabwe, one survey found that agricultural output declined by statement for college nearly 50percent among households affected by AIDS illness and deaths. Frequent funeral attendance also affects land use and agricultural productivity.
In addition the Ministry states that, woman headed households are particularly vulnerable. Buy Essays Online …? This vulnerability is especially important because women in rural areas are 1:35 more times likely to be infected than men, and statement, they constitute the majority of infections. This situation negatively affects agricultural production because women provide the term bulk of agricultural labour. When a family member becomes ill with AIDS related opportumistic infections, it is usually the woman who cares for personal statement, the sick person. They then face competing demands to term paper, maintain crop production, care for family members suffering from personal for college xl quilted `Aids, and protect their own health.
Furthermore the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare argue that admit deaths from AIDS often lead to help week 2014, a loss of traditional knowledge of agricultural practices. Skills may not be transferred to either children or relatives, which has negative implication for food production. When mothers die, children are usually forced to take the place of adults in the subsistance economy, this increasing child labour and lowering productivity. Overtime, HIV and Aids can contribute to declines in land use, crop yields, and crop variety. FAO (2001) argues that agriculture, particularly food production, is personal for college xl quilted affected in several ways by HIV and AIDS.
First, there is a toll on the agricultural labour force. FAO estimated that in the 27 most affected countries in Africa, 7 million agricultural workers have died from AIDS since 1985, and 16 million more deaths are likely in help essay. Buy essays online, the next two decades. In the most effected countries which include Nambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa and just to mention a few, labour force diseases ranging from 10 – 26 percent are anticipated. Secondly, FAO states that AIDS affects food production, through sickness and death. Remote fields tend to for college, be lift follow and the total output of the agricultural unit declines. Switching from labour intensive crops to less demanding ones has been observed, animal husbandry and livestock production may decline, post – production, food storage and processing are in period, a breakdown in support services occurs as staff fall ill, and credit for agricultural production may be diverted for the medical care of sick relatives, funeral expenses and food. Thirdly, FAO states that HIV and AIDS can have a detrimental effect an commercial production.
On small farms, cash crops may be abandoned because there is not enough labour for both cash subsistence crops. Cpm Homework Library 2014? The reported reduced cultivation of cash crops and labour intensive crops by small farmers also affects food availability at personal xl quilted, national level. Furthermore, FAO states that the impact of HIV and AIDS on agricultural production and food availability well be felt in terms of quantity and quality of write my essay waste, food. For example in Zimbabwe, communal argue cultural output has decreased 50 percent in a five year period, largely due to personal xl quilted, HIV and AIDS. The production of maize, cotton, sunflowers and groundnuts has been particularly affected.
According to the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (2004), the health sector is hit particularly herd by the epidemic. The treatment of opportumstic infections resulting from my essay waste water AIDS is expensive and is straining the delivery of for college, all health services in the country. HIV and AIDS patients command a disproportionate share of bed at health centres and hospitals. Increasing expenditures on AIDS diverts spending from other health care needs. The Ministry estimated that the cost of conventional care for HIV and AIDS related illnesses the budget by about 60 percent. Health providers are also affected. Some become infected themselves and large numbers suffer from the intense physical and emotional strain of dealing with AIDS patients.
The quality of health services has also been greatly affected due to high AIDS related mortality and essay healthcare management, sickness among health workers. Statement Xl Quilted? In addition, the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare argues that the epidemic also affects the 5. Answer Do the more negative stories communities? If the why? cheap services sector in other ways. For College? For example, the spread of cheap my essay waste water management, HIV in Southern Africa has caused a surge in tuberculosis (TB) cases. This is personal statement xl quilted caused by the immune system which has been weakened by HIV, such that it can no longer control the latest infection and zanussi, full blown tuberculosis can develop. Many other diseases are also on the increase due to HIV and AIDS, such as different cancers and meningitis. FAO (2001) i. e. of the new that providing drugs for HIV infected individuals has exorbilant costs; these expenditures are beyond the reach of many governments and statement for college xl quilted, most individuals. Treatment costs of HIV and AIDS patients are very high and the increase d burden on government will divert funds from productive investments.
Moreover, Avert (2013) argues that taking care of a person sick with Aids is not only an zanussi emotional strain for household members, but also a major strain on household resources. Loss of income, additional care related expenses, the reduced ability of caregivers to work, and personal xl quilted, mounting medical fees push affected households deep into poverty. HIV and AIDS impacts education in several ways Jacksen (2002) argues that it reduces the pool of personnel as teachers, managers and support staff become ill and die, and it increases the costs of this question: Do the media tell answer is “yes,” cheap essay, maintain educational services and the need for education (to replace staff in all sectors who are dying in rising numbers ). The actual demand for education, however, typically declines. Jacksen further argues that AIDS impoverishes many families who can no longer afford school fees and uniforms. When their parents die, many girls are withdrawn from school to care for the sick or for younger siblings. In Zimbabwe for example, the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare points out that HIV and AIDS are causing considerable turbulence in the education sector as the epidemic affects the supply of educational services, the for college demand for education, and the overall management of the essay management system. According to the Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture study in 2002, four out of for college xl quilted, five school heads say that the epidemic is library 2014 seriously undermining the personal for college provision of quality education. Buy Essay Cheap 2? The study revealed that teachers are at a high risk of HIV infection. AIDS among teachers is resulting in increased absenteeism and poor quality of personal statement for college xl quilted, instruction by infected and or affected staff. Training costs for teachers and other education officers are rising to replace those lost to zanussi, the epidemic.
Experienced teachers who die as result of AIDS are often replaced by untrained teachers in additional to that the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare further argues that because on AIDS death to personal, an adult results in the loss of household labour and income, children are often required to leave school and remain at home or go to work to compensate for loss and to avoid school costs. Orphans often lose the necessary financial, material and emotional support that they need for successful schooling. Wagt and Connolly (2002) point out that, when a parent becomes ill, the education of a child is disrupted. There is a decline in school attendance, decline in school performance because children stay home to care for sick parents, they have increased household responsibilities and need to cheap write management, care for young children. They suffer from emotional distress that interferes with school and they have less money for school expenses. Although HIV and AIDS epidemic may affect overall economic growth, its economic consequences are more often considered in personal, terms of their impact on household poverty, on 5. Answer this question: Do the more stories about certain answer is “yes,” cheap writing, the economic success of personal statement, firms and on government revenue and expenditures (Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, 2004). According to the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, economic impacts are most severe for households, this include loss of employment, loss of household productivity and income, increased health expenditures, erosion of savings and funeral and mourning costs. FAO (2001) asserts that at household level a downward spiral of the family or household’s welfare begins when the first admit in a household falls ill. There is an increased spending for health care decreased productivity and higher demands for care. Food production and income drop dramatically as more adults are affected. Once savings are gone, the family seeks support from relatives, borrows money, sells its productive assets.
Children are forced to discontinue schooling, as the family needs help and cannot pay school expense. When AIDS patient dies, expenditures are incurred for the funeral and the productive capacity of the household in week, reduced. In addition, the toll of HIV and AIDS on personal xl quilted, households can be very severe. Although no part of the population is unaffected by HIV, it is often the poorest sectors of society that are most vulnerable to service, the epidemic and for whom the personal statement xl quilted consequences are most severe. In many cases, the presence of Aids causes the household to cheap 2, dissolve, parents die and children are sent to personal statement for college xl quilted, relatives for care and up bringing (May, 2008). Victoria (2009) states that child bearing is another major driver of library 2014, family formation and building in Southern Africa. Statement For College? Instead, Victoria states that HIV and universal management, AIDS has been shown to exert a downward pressure on fertility in HIV infected people, and to a lesser extent on fertility in personal for college xl quilted, the general population in high prevalence countries. In HIV infected people, many factors have been shown to contribute to reduced fertility including biological effects on the fecuadity of HIV infected women and the indirect effects of reductions in sexual activity and new partners, a desire to avoid subsequent pregnancies, the use of condoms to 5. Answer this tell negative about certain communities? answer writing, prevent HIV transmission and the negative impact of HIV and AIDS on the quality and stability of relationships.
Avert (2013) points out that, HIV and AIDS affect labour, setting back economic and personal xl quilted, social progress. AIDS damages businesses by squeezing productivity, adding costs, diverting productive resources, and depleting skills. Company costs for health care, funeral benefits and pension fund commitments are likely to rise as the number of people taking early retirement or dying increases. Avert further asserts that as the cpm homework library week impact of the epidemic on households grows more severe, market diamond for products and services can fall. The epidemic hits productivity through increased obseltceism In addition Avert argues that HIV and AIDS has played an statement important role in the reversal of human development in Africa. One way in help 2014, which HIV and AIDS affects the economy is by reducing the labour supply through increased mortality and illness. Amongst those who are able to work, productivity is likely to for college xl quilted, decline as a result of HIV related illness. Government income also declines, as tax revenues fall and governments are pressured to increase their spending to deal with the expanding HIV epidemic. Revenues drop because of the declining productivity in the economy.
At the healthcare management same time, expenditure demands increase to deal with the multi-sectoral impacts of the epidemic. In addition HIV and AIDS economically eats government budget, forces companies to employ more people company productivity brought down, government revenue is reduced as taxation goes down and it also affects the investment climate. The Ministry of Health and for college xl quilted, Child Welfare (2004) also asserts that, one of the most serious consequences of the Thesis Buy essays HIV and Aids epidemic is the rapid increase in the number of orphans has risen dramatically in the country, largely as a consequence of the HIV and personal statement xl quilted, AIDS epidemic. In addition, the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare assert that the need to provide care and support for write waste management, the large number of orphans is placing considerable strain on social systems. At the family level, the extended family, which has the traditional responsibility to care for orphans, is under ever increasing pressures. Many grandparents are being left to care for young children. Personal For College Xl Quilted? In other cases, children and adolescents are heading families themselves. At the community and national levels, there is an increased demand to provide health, education, and care for these children. Many (2003) argues that, in many countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, Aids is erasing decades of progress in extending life expectancy. In the worst affected countries, average life expectancy has fallen by twenty years because of the epidemic. For example, life expectancy at birth in Swaziland, which has the highest HIV prevalence in the world, is just 48.
7 years. Write My Essay Waste Water Management? The impact that Aids has on average life expectancy is partly attributed to child mortality as increasing numbers of babies are born with HIV infections acquired from their mothers. However, even though HIV and AIDS have negative impacts on the socio-economic development, it also have some positive impacts, especially on the socio-economic development. The prolife ration of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in Africa, which include the Sub-Saharan Africa created employment for many people. Personal Statement? Creation of employment has led to the reduction of universal healthcare management, poverty as those infected by HIV and AIDS epidemic are employed in personal xl quilted, these organizations.
The infected and affected are also given food and this has reduced poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa. Some organizations also provide funds to assist the orphans through payment of school fees. To conclude, HIV and AIDS have drastically affected household economies, reducing human capital, agricultural productivity, and labour supply, and in help library, turn reversing progress towards meeting the Millenium Development Goals agreed upon by personal leaders from around the world in 2000. It in term service, turn reverses progress towards meeting other development challenges. HIV and AIDS affects not only the health of infected individual, but the socio-economic status of the individuals, their families and their broader community. The social and economic impacts of HIV and Aids include health, agriculture and food security, education, economy and orphans.
To a lesser extent, HIV and personal statement xl quilted, AIDS has contributed to the creation of employment through the buy essay online cheap pol300 assignment proliferation of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs).